6 Important Mortar Properties From Engineering Perspective

Mortar is a very important constituent of the construction business. That’s why, it is important to understand the different mortar properties associated with it.

In this article, we will be doing exactly the same thing. We will see in detail, 6 important mortar properties.

You can gain structure related knowledge by joining structural engineering courses.

   Mortar Properties:

  1. Water retaining capacity:

The majority of the stone work units have typically good suction capacity, contingent upon their porosity level and dampness content and they start to suck dampness from mortar when they come in contact with it. On the off chance that units draw out excessive dampness from the mortar quickly, it can’t gain satisfactory strength, when picking up strength is reliant on the procedure of hydration in mortar. Along these lines, when binder utilised is Portland concrete or hydraulic lime, it is vital that mortar ought not part with its dampness promptly by suction-that is mortar ought to have good water retention capacity.

Water retainment capacity of cement mortar is improved by including hydrated lime or finely ground limestone or synthetic mixes known as plasticiser’s. As a rule, mortars having great work-ability have additionally great water retentivity.

As a thumb rule, lime mortar and concrete lime mortar have great water retentive while plain cement mortar made with coarse ungraded sand has low water retentivity.

  1. Work-ability:

Work-ability is the property of mortar which empowers it to be spread and applied to the masonry unit effortlessly. It additionally encourages legitimate filling of joints in the masonry. A good quality mortar would dangle from the trowel and will stream down promptly when delicately jerked. This property of mortar relies on upon properties of different fixings utilised for preparing mortar and on the strategy for blending adopted.

As a thumb rule, a mud mortar made from fine clay soil has good work-ability over the one prepared from sandy soil and a lime mortar has a superior work-ability than cement mortar.

  1. Strength:

A mortar picks up strength, to a little degree by loss of dampness that is by drying action as in mud mortar and non-hydraulic lime mortar, yet mostly by setting action of its cementitious content, to be specific lime and cement. If there should arise an occurrence of lime mortar prepared using non-hydraulic lime, which sets through carbonation, picking up of strength is at moderate speeds.

Strength of masonry relies on upon strength of the mortar. It is nonetheless, to be remembered that undue significance ought not be connected to strength of mortar at the cost of different properties of mortar.

  1. Durability:

Deterioration in mortar happens due to:

  • Frost activity before the mortar has acquired adequate strength, and rehashed cycles of thawing and freezing,

  • Delayed chemical action between sulphates that are soluble sulphates there in burnt clay blocks or in soil in contact with masonry in foundation, and

  • Entrance of dampness through cracks into the body of the masonry and resulting rehashed cycles of wetting and drying over various years and crystallisation of salts.

For security frost damage, and rehashed cycles of solidifying and thawing, it is important that mortar should pick up strength quickly, it ought to be thick and ought to have great extreme strength. lt ought to in this manner, contain sufficient extent of Portland cement, and sand ought to be well graded.

Visit a civil engineering training centre to get information about various civil related courses.

5. Speed of stiffening:

Solidifying of mortar in masonry is caused either by loss of dampness or by the setting activity of the binder utilized as a part of the mortar or due to both. The greater part of the dampness lost is ingested into the masonry unit yet some vanishes into the air. A mud mortar solidifies just by loss of dampness and there is no setting activity of its clay. A lime-sand mortar produced using non-hydraulic lime (limes with grade C and D) likewise solidifies in early stages by loss of dampness yet it has additionally exceptionally mellow and slow setting action because of carbonation. A concrete mortar stiffens chiefly through setting action of cement.

6. Resistance to rain penetration:

It has been revealed that rain infiltration through units and mortar is not extremely noteworthy and primary wellspring of rain penetration is through cracks in masonry.

These cracks are for the most part caused by shrinkage of units and mortar upon drying, thermal developments of units and mortar and inescapable slight settlement to which each building is subject to. Along these lines, from the view point of rain penetration, holding property of mortar is of incredible significance. It has been watched that if mortar is not exceptionally solid, on the off chance that it picks up strength gradually, and on the off chance that it has good bond with units, movement of units because of shrinkage, temperature fluctuations and settlement of establishment get suited, all things considered, inside the mortar and cracks are, along these lines, thin and equally dispersed. Thus, masonry has much better imperiousness to rain infiltration.

These were a few properties of mortar that hold significance from the engineering perspective. They need to be considered.

A professional training program for civil engineering will help you to get a job in this field.

An Overview About Low Cost Housing

Low cost housing is a new concept that deals with effective budget and use of techniques which help in lowering the cost of construction through the use of locally available materials and improved skills and technology without sacrificing performance and life of the structure. There is big misconception that low cost housing is suitable for only sub standard works and they are constructed by using cheap building materials of low quality. The fact is that low cost housing is done by good managing the resources, well.

Building Cost

In a low cost housing, building material cost is less as you can make use of the locally available materials and also the labour cost can be reduced by properly making the time schedule of our work. Cost of reduction is achieved by selection of more efficient material or by an improved design.

Areas from where cost can be lowered are:-

1) Lower plinth area by using thinner wall concept.

2) Use locally available material in a new form like soil cement blocks instead of burnt bricks.

3) Use energy efficiency materials which need less energy like concrete block instead of burnt bricks.

4) Use eco-friendly materials which are substitute for conventional building components like the R.C.C. Door and window frames instead of wooden frames.

5) Pre plan every element of a house and logically sketch the design procedure for lowering the size of the components.

6) Each component shall be checked whether if it’s necessary, and then the component would be used.

Cost reduction through adhoc methods
Foundation


Usually, the
foundation cost comes to about 10 to 15% of the total building and the foundation depth of 3 to 4 ft. is adopted for single or double store building and also the concrete bed of 6″ is used for the foundation which could be avoided for Low cost housing.

It is recommended to adopt a foundation depth of 2 ft. for normal soil like and use the uncoursed rubble masonry with the bond stones and good packing.

It is further suggested adopt arch foundation in ordinary soil for effecting reduction in construction cost up to 40%.This kind of foundation will help in bridging the loose pockets of soil which occurs along the foundation.

In the case black cotton and other soft soils it is recommend to use under ream pile foundation which saves about 20 to 25% in cost over the conventional method of construction.

Plinth

It is advisable to adopt 1 ft. height above ground level for the plinth and might be constructed with a cement mortar of 1:6. The normal plinth slab of 4 to 6″ could be avoided and instead brick on edge could be used for lowering the cost. By adopting this procedure the cost of plinth foundation could be reduced by about 35 to 50% which will help for Low cost housing.

Walling

Wall thickness of 6 to 9″ is suggested for adoption in the construction of walls and 41/2 ” for inside walls. It is advisable to use burnt bricks, after being immersed in water for 24 hours and then used for walls.

Rat – trap bond wall


It is a cavity wall construction which has an advantage of thermal comfort and lowers the quantity of bricks required for masonry work. By adopting this method, it is possible to lower in the material cost of bricks by 25% and about 10to 15% in the masonry cost.

Concrete block walling

Using concrete block masonry the wall thickness could be reduced from 20 cms to 15 Cms. Concrete block masonry saves consumption of mortar, speedy construction of wall results in higher output of labour, plastering could be avoided thereby an overall saving of 10 to 25% can be achieved.

Soil cement block technology

It is an alternative method of construction of walls using soil cement blocks in place of burnt bricks masonry.

Doors and windows

It is suggested not to use wood and instead concrete or steel section frames are suggested for saving in cost up to 30 to 40%.

Lintals and Chajjas

The traditional R.C.C. lintels are very costly and could be replaced by brick arches for small spans and save construction cost up to 30 to 40% over the traditional method of construction.

Roofing

Normally 5″, thick R.C.C. slabs is used for roofing of residential buildings.

Filler slabs
They are normal RCC slabs where bottom half are replaced by filler materials like tiles, bricks, cellular concrete blocks, etc. These filler materials are so placed as not to compromise structural strength result in replacing unwanted and non-functional tension with concrete, thus results in economy. These are safe and aesthetically pleasing pattern ceilings and also don’t need plaster.

Jack arch roof/floor
They are easily constructed, saves cement and steel, are more good in hot climates.

Finishing Work
The finishing cost for sanitary, electricity, painting etc., varies depending upon the kind and quality of products used in the building and its cost reduction is left to individual choice.

Conclusion
The above list of suggestions for lowering construction cost is of general nature and it varies depending upon the nature of the building to be constructed, owner’s budget, geographical location of construction, availability of the materials, etc.

But it is necessary that a good planning and design methods must be adopted by utilizing the services of an experienced engineer or an architect for supervising the work, to achieve overall cost effectiveness to the extent of 25% in actual practice.

We conclude now. In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name in training civil engineering students.It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil engineering training program and conferring civil engineering training certificate.

CRB Tech offers one of the professional training for civil engineers. As Civil engineering jobs in Pune are increasing and to meet the current demand of the proficient candidates, you should consider enhancing yourself with our training program.

So if you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our Civil engineering training course which offers the best training through our civil engineering training institute.

Success Mantra For A Successful Career In Civil Engineering

Everything around us has in some way or other, has been influenced by civil engineering.

Employment in this sector can really give you opportunities to achieve what you want in life, offering both excellent benefits and progression. If you’re interested in maths and physics, then the employment future of your dreams might lie in civil engineering jobs, and construction estimators.Civil engineering gives you successful career and may be land you on your dream job. 

How its Done?

It is important to consider which way to take on your dream to become an engineer. You must plan for this, as early as your GCSEs and A Levels – where you must look to focus on mathematics and physics. There are other options as well, including to become a civil engineering technician via college BTEC course. This will finally put you on the right path to become an officially accredited civil engineer.

In general, most civil engineers are needed to have obtained a degree in civil engineering; the course often takes between three and five years to complete. Among other disciplines, you’ll study design, mathematics, physics, project management as well as your desired modules.

A degree is only the first step of the process to become a professionally certified, chartered engineer. You must next complete a period of hand on as well as completing certain examinations. Certification varies between countries, and you must be clear with this in mind while deciding where you’d like to operate from. In the UK there are several places you can go to discuss work experience opportunities. Of course, there’s nothing to stop you either from approaching an employer directly to ask for an opportunity.

There are many sub-disciplines of civil engineering which will allow you to work across a variety of disciplines or to build your expertise in a particular area. Earthquake, transport, coastal environmental, urban or structural engineering are just a few types of civil engineering you must consider.

Within the sector, there are different types of employers, like regional contractors, local bodies, consultancies and private companies. Each employer will need different levels of experience and will often work across specific sectors. There’s a common link between the local bodies in cities and the need for urban engineering.

Future scope

Civil engineers can expect to earn anything up to £80,000 per year, with salaries generally starting with £20,000. You’ll get to spend time both on site and on desk, maintaining projects from beginning to end, making your workload challenging.

This discipline offers the scope to work abroad on an array of projects. You’ll be able to live your dreams with choice of your discipline.

We conclude now. In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions earned a name in providing civil construction training courses.It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil engineering training program and conferring civil engineering training certificate.

CRB Tech offers one of the professional training for civil engineers. As Civil engineering fresher jobs in Pune are increasing, to keep up with pace we provide with structural engineering courses for beginners.

So if you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our institute and we shall also give you training and a civil engineering training certificate. CRB Tech offers the best training through our structural engineering courses.

Steps To Follow During You Design Concrete Buildings

Concrete is the most essential building material which plays a significant role in all Design Concrete Buildings. Its property is its versatility which is its ability to be molded to form any shape needed for various structural forms.

Most software follows a same hierarchy of steps in designing. The basic steps are explained here in this article.

Modeling:

This is the heart of structural design. When you start sketching the model, there are several options. You can either draw it in a grid or use a template.

You can also import the file from Auto-CAD and even see the supposed image of your model after creation. The following steps are done in modelling

Materials

Some of the most used materials are pre-defined in the software. The material which suits to our building is taken. For designing a concrete building, we choose concrete as the material for beams, columns and slabs. The walls could either be of masonry or concrete depending on the loads coming on the building. Other materials like steel and aluminium are also used in the construction. For the concrete section, rebar are used for reinforcement.

  • Other material properties are:

    • Steel:
      • Modulus of elasticity of steel, E
      • Poisson’s ratio, µ
      • Steel density
      • Yield strength of steel, Fy
    • Concrete:
      • Basic strength of concrete, Fck
      • Density of concrete

Geometry

Beams and columns are given length, width and depth. Slab is given thickness and the slab type is defined as membrane element which is to represent only the in-plane stiffness of the members.

Boundary conditions:

To select a proper boundary condition has an important role in structural analysis. The modeling of support conditions at expansion joints and bearings require a careful consideration of continuity of each translational and rotational component of displacement.

It is natural to use simple supports for a static analysis.

Load calculation:

The loads needed for the building are defined here. The software takes the loads according to the code IS 456:2000 which is pre-installed. The loads which are defined and applied to the building are:

  • Dead load: Load on a structure due to its own weight.
  • Live load: This is the load due to moving weight. The live load differs for different structure types.
  • Earthquake load: This load is the total force that an earthquake can exert on a structure.
  • Wind load: This is a distinct load on the structure due to the intensity of the wind.

Load application:

Here the loads are applied on the sections and slab and the seismic and the wind loads are employed by software. If the wall is not included then the frame loads are put on the beams.

Load combination:

It’s our duty to design a safe and serviceable structure and in order to do so we must predict the magnitudes of various loads that are likely to be applied to the structure over its lifetime.

Hence to account for the probability of the simultaneous application of various load types, several load combinations are applied on the structure.

These load combinations can be created by selecting the Indian code and also with the help of auto load combinations where they are generated by the software.

Analysis:

The structure will be analyzed. Results from the analysis like displacements, responses, bending moment, shear forces, storey drifts can be seen on the structure. It displays results in graphical forms and also display real time-history displacements and yield reports. The deformed geometry of the building can be portrayed based on any loads or any combination of loads.

Design:

Concrete design is done as per IS 456:2000 and the steel design is done according to IS 800. After the information needed for the design is shared, the software performs the design for every structural element. The design is created, depending on the need.

Details are provided in some software, where the rebar used must be defined. The detailed components include concrete beams, columns and walls, steel framing, beam schedules, column schedules and connections.

Result:

After the structural analysis, it is created to find out the steel used for the reinforcement for columns and beams. Results from the analysis like displacements, bending moment, shear forces, storey drifts could be seen on the structure. For columns, the axial forces that come on it, the bending moment and the shear forces can be obtained.

Some important points to be considered:

  • Columns must be located near the corners of a building and at the intersection of the beams. The position of columns is selected so as to lower bending moments in beams.
  • Avoid large spans of beams.
  • Avoid large centre-to-centre distance between columns.
  • The spacing of column must be lowered considerably so that the load on column on each floor is less and the necessity of assigning large sections for columns is prevented
  • Earthquake will never occur simultaneously with wind.
  • The value of elastic modulus of materials, must be taken as per static analysis.

We conclude now. In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name in training civil engineering students.It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil engineering training program and conferring civil engineering training certificate.

CRB Tech offers one of the professional training for civil engineers. As Civil engineering jobs in Pune are increasing and to meet the current demand of the proficient candidates, you should consider enhancing yourself with our training program.

So if you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our Civil engineering training course which offers the best training through our civil engineering training institute.

What Are The Common Types Of Plastics Used In The Construction Of Building?

In this article we shall discuss the different types of plastics used the construction of buildings. Different types of plastics that are used in the construction industry are detailed below.

Types Of Plastics:

1. Polyethylene Plastic (PE)

Polyethylene plastic is made from polymerized vinyl monomers.

Different ways are there to give different degrees of crystalline and density. High pressure polyethylene is low crystalline and density while low-pressure ones have high crystalline and density. As the crystalline and density increases, on one hand, the hardness, softening point, and strength increases while, the impact toughness and elongation reduces.

PE has better chemical stability and water resistance. It is highly flexible at low temperature.

2. Polyvinyl Chloride Plastic (PVC)

PVC is a kind of common building plastic made from polymerized vinyl chloride monomers. PVC has better chemical stability and aging resistance, but very poor heat resistance. It might decompose and metamorphose if the temperature goes over 100°C. It must be used at temperatures below 60-80°C.

3. Polystyrene Plastic (PS)

Ps is made from the polymerized styrene monomers. It has the advantages of good light transmittance, easy pigmentation, better chemical stability, water resistance, light resistance, easy processing, and cheap at price.

But, PS has the disadvantage of weak stiffness, poor toughness for impacts, weak heat resistance and easy flammability.

4. Polypropylene Plastic (PP)

This is made from the polymerized acrylic monomers. It is light weight, strong heat resistance, regular ductility and water resistance. The limitations are that, it has poor stiffness in low temperature; and very bad air resistance. Therefore, PP is fit to be used indoors.

5. Polyrmethyl Methacrylate (PMMA)

It has an advantages of good light transmittance, high strength at low temperature, low water absorption, good heat resistance, good aging resistance, and easy to be processed. But, it has the drawback of poor abrasive resistance and expensive.

6. Polyester Resin (PR)

PR is made by condensing diatomic or polybasic alcohol and diatomic or polybasic acids. PR has good bonding capacity, elasticity, better colours, flexibility, heat resistance and water resistance.

7. Phenolic Resin (PF)

This is made by polymerizing phenol and aldehyde under the influence of acid or alkaline catalysts. PF has a good cohesion strength, lighter resistance, water resistance, heat resistance, corrosion resistance, and electrical insulation. But it has poor stiffness. PF is added by filling material and curing agents, could be made into phenolic plastics. Phenolic plastic is strong, smooth, durable, and cheap. It is nowadays, become a type of commonly used plastic.

8. Organic Silicon Resin (SI)

Organic silicon resin is made by hydrolysing of one or more types of organic silicon monomer. Organic silicon resin has the properties of heat resistance, cold resistance, water resistance, and corrosion resistance. However, it is poor in mechanical performance and cohesive force. These two weak points can be improved by adding synthetic resin (phenolic aldehyde, epoxy, and polyester), glass fiber, and asbestos, etc.

We conclude now. In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name in training civil engineering students.It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil engineering training program and conferring civil engineering training certificate.

CRB Tech offers one of the professional training for civil engineers. As Civil engineering jobs in Pune are increasing and to meet the current demand of the proficient candidates, you should consider enhancing yourself with our training program.

So if you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our Civil engineering training course which offers the best training through our civil engineering training institute.

Top 10 Civil Engineering Wonders

Civil engineering projects yet dominate headlines across the world. From the world’s tallest building to the biggest manmade islands, people everywhere are dependent upon civil engineering innovations.

Let’s see some of the most amazing civil engineering wonders and construction projects throughout time.

Three Gorges Dam (2003)

The world’s largest dam and also the largest hydroelectric power plant, has a height of 185 m. The hydroelectric plant is built inside and produces a total of 4.7 billion kWh each year. During construction, 27.2 million cubic metres of concrete were used.

Jeddah Tower (Currently under Construction)

Earlier known as the Kingdom tower, construction began on this building in spring 2013. When completed, the Jeddah Tower is estimated to cost 1.2 billion US dollars and top the charts as the world’s tallest building.

Carlsbad Desalination Plant (Presently under Construction)

In southern California, fresh drinking water is hard to come by. The Carlsbad Plant aims to take the salt out of 50 million gallons per day and supply San Diego County residents with drinking water.

Danyang-Kunshan Grand Bridge (2010)

This 102.4 mile bridge holds the title of world’s longest bridge yet, and it took 4 years to construct. Unlike most bridges, it is built on a viaduct design, spanning many valleys and connecting the cities of Shanghai and Nanjing in the Jiangsu province of China.

Palm Islands (2014)

This resort island stands as a major civil engineering achievement in Dubai, because everything about it was constructed from sea floor up. 3 Billion cubic feet of sand was dredged from the sea floor by barges.

Venice Tide Barrier Project (2015)

As one of the most picturesque cities in the world, Venice, is covered in beauty, but the city faces major engineering problems. The city has been covered in recent years by flooding from rain as well as rising sea levels. This project, though not tremendous in scale, captivates engineers with its unique design and importance to the protection of this famous city.

Kansai Airport (1994)

When Japanese engineers did not have room to expand the Osaka International Airport due to crowding, they sought a more unusual foundation technique. Chinese engineers built an island, upon which they built one of the world’s longest airports. The airport built on the island is a marvel in itself, taking the shape of a plane wing to withstand typhoon level winds, common to the area.

Delaware Aqueduct (1945)

The Delaware Aqueduct, possibly one of the least identifiable projects on the list, is not lacking in its civil engineering wonder. It spans a total of 137 km; this major aqueduct holds the title of longest tunnel in the world.

Mubarak Pumping Station (2005)

Like many other countries, Egypt has experienced exponential growth in recent years. The engineers built a pumping station aimed at making up to 25% of Egypt’s land habitable. Prior to this project, only 5% of the country’s land was considered to be able to sustain human development and life.

Lake Kariba (1963)

By volume, Lake Kariba is the largest man-made reservoir in the world, sitting miles north of the Indian Ocean on the border of Zimbabwe and Zambia. It covers a total area of 5580 square kilometres, this lake has a maximum capacity of 185 cubic km of water.

We conclude here.

In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name. It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil Training courses.

CRB Tech offers one of the best Civil engineering training courses. As Civil engineering jobs in Pune are increasing and to meet the current demand of the proficient candidates, you should consider enhancing yourself with our training program.

We offer industrial training for Civil engineering students with a well structured program in view of offering Civil engineering training to the students. So if you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our Civil engineering training centre which offers the best training through our training courses for Civil engineers

HOW TO INCREASE DURABILITY OF FOUNDATION MATERIAL?

A foundation is that part of a structure which is directly in contact with ground. Hence, foundations are subjected to several attacks like by chemicals in soil, water and by mechanical wearing and erosion.

The extent of deterioration depends on the concentration of chemicals, the level and fluctuations in the ground water or the variation in tidal and river level or on climate conditions.

The only way to rise the durability of the base is to protect the foundation material from the above mentioned attacks.

Foundation Material:

  • Timber

  • Metal

  • Concrete

  • Brick work

Here we discuss methods of protecting different foundation material from deterioration.

1. Protection towards Timber Foundation

Timber piles are liable to attack by fungal and termites, if kept in wet conditions. The protection of timber is best achieved by pressure treatment with coal tar of the copper arsenic type waterborne preservative.

Molluscs and crustacean borers that inhabit saline or brackish water, attacks on timber piles in marine structures.

Protection could also be given by concrete before jacking piles in driving, or by mortar after installation.

2. Protection towards Metal Foundation

Steel piles could be given impervious coating of bitumen, coal tar pitch, and synthetic resins. These coatings are not effective and get somewhat stripped off. Generally, sufficient cross-sectional area of steel must be provided to permit for wastage over the important life of the structure while leaving enough steels to keep the working stresses within safer limits. In severe condition; it might be necessary to adopt a system of cathode protection.

3. Protection towards Concrete Foundation

Concrete foundations below ground level are liable to attack by sulphates in the soil or ground water. In sea water due to the extreme effect of the chlorides the sulphates do not cause an expansive reaction to normal Portland cement concrete. But, it is good practice to use sulphate resisting cement in reinforced concrete structures immersed in sea water.

High alumina and super sulphate cements give protection in acid grounds where pH values could be as low as 3.5. But, high alumina cement concrete cannot be used where alkalies are present in strong concentrations.

In conditions of exposure, a dense concrete mix must be used with water-cement proportion, of less than 0.5. If the ratio is in between 0.5 to 0.6, there is a risk of frost attack and above 0.6 the risk becomes greater.

4. Protection towards Brick Work Foundation

High absorption bricks are subjected to frost disintegration. They can absorb sulphates or other aggressive substances from the soil or from filling in contact with the brick work. In sulphate bearing soils or ground water, the brick work mortar must be a 1:3 (cement: sand) mix made with sulphate resistance cement or in extreme conditions with super-sulphate cement.

We conclude now. In the competition of many organisation CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name. It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil engineering training program.

CRB Tech offers one of the best training in civil engineering. As Civil engineering jobs in Pune are increasing and to meet the current demand of the proficient candidates, you should consider enhancing yourself with our training program.

So if you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our Civil engineering training course which offers the best training through our institution of civil engineers training courses.

What Are Different Types Of Loads On Building

This article for civil engineers, we discuss different types of loads on a structure in brief. They might be classified in several ways. In a classification, they might be considered as static or dynamic but there are some different types of loads take a look here.

External Loads On Structure:

Static loads are forces which are applied gradually and then remain quite constant. An example is the weight, or dead load, of a floor or roof system.

Dynamic loads that vary with time. They include repeated and impact loads.

Repeated loads are forces which are applied a number of times, causing a variation in the magnitude, and sometimes also in the internal forces. A good example is an off-balance motor.

Impact loads are forces that need a structure or its components to absorb energy in a very short interval of time. An example is dropping a heavy weight on a floor slab, or the shock wave from an explosion striking the walls and roof of a building. External forces might also be classified as distributed and concentrated.

Uniformly distributed loads are forces that are, or for practical purposes might be considered, constant over a surface area of the supporting member. Dead weight of a rolled-steel I beam is a good example.

Concentrated loads are forces that have such a small contact area as to be negligible compared with the entire surface area of the supporting member. A beam supported on a girder, for instance, might be considered, for all practical purposes, a concentrated load on the girder. Another common classification for external forces name them axial, eccentric, and torsion.

An axial load is a force whose passes through the centred of a section under consideration and is perpendicular to the plane.

An eccentric load is a force perpendicular to the plane under consideration but not passing through the centred of the section, hence bending the supporting member.

Torsion loads are forces which are offset from the shear centre of the section under consideration and are inclined to or in the plane of the section, therefore twisting the supporting member.

Dead loads include equipment, materials, constructions, or other elements of weight supported in, on, or by a building, including its own weight, that are supposedly to remain permanent in place.

Live loads include materials, occupants, equipment, constructions, or other elements of weight supported in, on, or by a building and that are likely to be relocated during the expected building life.

Impact loads are a fraction of the live loads used to account for additional stresses and deflections resulting from movement of the live loads.

Wind loads are maximum forces which might be applied to a building by wind in a mean recurrence interval, or a set of forces which will produce equivalent stresses.

Snow loads are maximum forces that might be applied by snow accumulation in a mean recurrence interval.

Seismic loads are forces that yield maximum stress or change in a building during an earthquake

We conclude here hope you all understand different types of loads.

In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name. It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil Training courses.

CRB Tech offers one of the best Civil engineering training courses. As Civil engineering jobs in Pune are increasing and to meet the current demand of the proficient candidates, you should consider enhancing yourself with our training program.

We offer industrial training for Civil engineering students

with a well structured program in view of offering Civil engineering training to the students. So if you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our Civil engineering training centre which offers the best training through our training courses for Civil engineers.

An Overview of Civil Engineering And It’s Scopes

A degree in civil engineering helps you find work in the construction industry as well as in business,management and financial sectors. Civil engineering has quite a good scope in India. But do remember that you will have to be patient.

Population demographics along with increase in urbanisation have facilitated the need for sustainable and efficient infrastructure solutions. Development in buildings, sensor-embedded roads, geopolymer concrete, and water management will lead to global civil engineering industry growth.

Job options in Civil Engineering:

Jobs which are directly related to your degree includes:
  • Building control surveyor
  • Civil engineer consultant
  • Contracting civil engineer
  • Nuclear engineer
  • Site engineer
  • Water engineer
Jobs where your degree could be beneficial:
  • Services engineer
  • Engineering geologist
  • Environmental consultant
  • Patent attorney
  • Quantity surveyor
  • Sustainability consultant

Work experience:

Attaining some kind of work experience is critical. Employers place great importance on experience, and it will also give you an insight in the working practices of an engineering firm.

If your course does not include any industrial placement, look for relevant summer work experience and placements. In that respect you can look out for industrial training for civil engineering students by CRB Tech Solutions. Use your knowledge and experience to expand your scope for job.

Typical employers:

Civil and structural engineers work in a wide range of industries, mainly the construction sector, on buildings of all kinds, transport and communications necessities. This includes bridges, roads, tunnels, canals and other large structures. They also work for employers involved in the production, storage and distribution of electricity, gas and water.

Civil engineers are employed by a range of contractors and consultancies and also work in-house for a variety of national and multinational organisations.

Skills for your CV

Civil engineers are in demand for their technical and subject-oriented knowledge. With a sound knowledge of science, maths and technology, you could design, create and build structures efficiently, making best use of available resources and techniques. Through realistic construction-based group projects, you gain practical experience of applying your engineering judgement and working successfully with others.

Most new graduates who enter professional training with a company continue to study part time while working in order to attain professional standards to become either incorporated or chartered engineers.

Civil engineering courses at PG level helps students to develop specialist knowledge in a particular area, like water management, earthquake engineering, environmental engineering and a range of several options. It is possible to carry out research through an MRes, MPhil or PhD, or to do a taught Masters course in these areas.

What does civil engineering graduates do?

Over 14% of civil engineering graduates go on to further study or combine further study and work, often undertaking researches into an area of particular interest from their undergraduate degree. Rest undertake a good job in their field.

We conclude now. For any confusion about Career Paths you must talk with our expert consultants here in CRB Tech Solutions.


In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name. It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil Training courses.

CRB Tech offers one of the best Civil engineering training courses. It would help you build your civil engineering career path and help in the success of your career.

We offer training courses for civil engineers with a well structured program in view of offering training in Civil engineering to the students.

If you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our Civil engineering training program which offers the best training through our training program for Civil engineering.

Career Options For Civil Engineers After Completion Of BE In Civil Engineering.

There are several job opportunities after completing BE in Civil Engineering. Civil Engineering is considered as a most trusted and common degree since a long time, engineering stream is unparalleled, mainly when it comes to the core branches like civil, electrical and mechanical, due to their uniqueness and ability to provide a job, that suit the best for the young, dynamic and enthusiastic candidates who desires to make a civil engineering career in technical heads.

In general, civil is known to be a royal branch of the engineering stream, because when men arrived on earth, his very first necessity was to have a shelter through which he could survive by the sunlight, rain and nature’s wrath.

Hence it is the most acceptable branch from the humanitarian point of view. Everything we see, from the structures like roads, highways, bridges; dams all have been possible only due to the civil engineers.

As per our myths, the very first engineer was the LORD VISHWAKARMA who created many palaces and also from the epics we came to know that the very first bridge was constructed by the VANAR SENA during the times of Rama.

This was a brief introduction of the branch civil engineering and now we are going to share several job opportunities in this field.

One could get a clear picture of different exams and procedure associated with getting the best job in Civil Engineering.

Career Options In Civil Engineering.

  • UPSC

Only one exam conducted by the UPSC in the name of INDIAN ENGINEERING SERVICES EXAMINATION (IES). Being one of the prestigious and well-famed exams in the country, level same as that of the IAS. After qualifying in each of the stages of this exam, viz. PRELIMS, MAINS and INTERVIEW, one has to provide preferences for various services.

  • GATE

After completing your degree in Civil engineering, graduated aptitude test called GATE, is conducted across the country for admission in the M.Tech courses.

The creamy layered student sorted out from this examination is allowed to apply for the engineering posts in various Public sector undertakings like: OIL, coal India, NHPC, NTPC, IRCON, RAILTEL, HLL, HAL, SAIL, GAIL, etc.

  • State Government Engineering Exams

There are a few important examinations conducted by the various state government organisations for government jobs for civil engineers for the posts say ASSISTANT ENGINEERS, JUNIOR ENGINEERS and SUB ENGINEERS, for departments like Irrigation, PWD, Public health engineering.

  • Autonomous Recruitment

Some of the government examinations are conducted by the parent organizations like National highways authority of India NHAI.

  • Opportunities For Civil Engineers In Railways

Being the most common exam, SSE is conducted by the RRB, and along with it they conduct exam for junior engineer.

  • Jobs In Private Company

The era of privatization has created huge opportunities for the civil graduates. Only after completion of the degree, one can practice in the construction sites, along with the established engineers as a site supervisor, site engineer or site manager.  After earning a decent experience one could join the top player’s corporate like TATA, L&T, JP CEMENT, MAIHAR CEMENT, etc.

Some of the famous firms are listed which recruits fresher:

  • ABIL GROUP

  • SAMDAREEYA GROUP

  • RAJUL BULDERS

  • KEMTANI GROUP

  • RUSTOM MUMBAI PVT LTD

  • RELIANCE CON

  • PS CONSTRUCTION

  • Foreign Opportunities

Experience and field knowledge is a must for the civil engineers to work abroad in top companies. After having 3-4 years of experience from the recognized builders and firms, one could apply online in countries like UAE, Malaysia, Singapore and now African nations as well.

Some of the leading firms in Dubai are:

  • SFS HOMES

  • HAMAC TOWERS

  • LLC CONSTRUCTIONS

  • LUXURIA GROUP

  • SHOBHA REAL ESTATE

  • Self Business

Being entrepreneur in a nature is a good approach. After completion of the degree program, one could initiate his own construction or consultancy firms on an SME PLATFORM through easily financed venture funding.

But before your own start-up, one need to understand the importance of the experiences, connections with the workers and masons, tools and plant operations and much more. It is wise to invest time in some vocational training course of your interested field before your start up.

Another perspective of a civil engineering is to open an AUTO CAD CENTER to provide plans and drawings of buildings, roads, schools, hospitals etc. Presently, it has high demand in market; fresher are getting Rs. 5000 per drawing.

If you have a patriarchal land, and you wish to start the business of plotting or develop townships, it’s a great idea.

RMC Plant/ Stone Crushers/ Flooring Business

You might have hears about ready mix concrete plants. One can also start the business of delivery of concrete of desired grade to the site, which is a leading business in big cities.

One can also make use of his man and knowledge power in getting into the stone crushing business or in the JCB services systems.

There are several opportunities in the field of Civil engineering. One must to find out his interests, because it’s all about your passion for the work. There are people who didn’t succeeded in the government examinations but are doing well in their domains.

We conclude now. For any confusion about Career Paths you must talk with our expert consultants here in CRB Tech Solutions.
In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name. It has earned a good name in providing the best training in Civil Training courses.

CRB Tech offers one of the best Civil engineering training courses. It would help you build your civil engineering career path and help in the success of your career.

We offer industrial training for Civil engineering students

with a well structured program in view of offering Civil engineering training to the students.

If you are looking for good opportunities in civil engineering, come join our Civil engineering training center which offers the best training through our training courses for Civil engineers