Verification and Validation Process In Software Testing

Difference Between Verification and Validation In Software Testing

Students are often confused between the verification and validation process, as far as Software Testing is concerned. Let us initially define both the processes.

  1. Verification:

Verification is nothing but the process of ensuring whether are we building the system right? It is checking whether the system, service or an application meets with a regulation, specification, requirement or an imposed condition. It is in contrast with the validation process and is an internal one.

  1. Validation:

Validation is nothing but asking the question are we building the right system? Further speaking, it is an assurance that the system, service or application meets the needs of the customer and the stakeholders.

It is not very easy to tell the difference between the two. Let us take an illustration, so that we can understand it better.

You are testing one application. The system requirements state that there are two fields with maximum length of 64 characters and Save button as well. The Use case says that the User will fill in first and last name and click on the save button.

While checking the existence of the fields and the Save button, is verification. When you take after the use case, it is validation. With regards to testing, “Verification and Validation” are generally and usually utilized terms. The vast majority of the times, we consider the terms same, yet really the terms are very distinctive.

Here are a few more points of difference between the two:


  • Verifies the intermediary products and stages to see whether it matches the specific requirements of that particular phase.

  • Checks whether the product is developed according to the predetermined requirements and design particulars.

  • Can be done without execution of the software.

  • Static methods are used.

  • e.g. reviews, walkthrough and inspection.


  • Checks whether the end product meets the need of the business.

  • Answers the question as to whether the software or application is fit for usage and fulfills the business requirements.

  • The execution of software is necessary for doing validation.

  • Dynamic methods are used.

  • e.g. Types of Testing like regression, smoke etc. are involved over here.

The main aim behind carrying out the verification and validation process is as follows:

-Enables early finding and rectification of Defects.

-Supports and improves the management intervention and inside into procedure and product related risks.

-Give steady measures towards the product Life-Cycle Process, to improve consistence with schedule and budget prerequisites.

Maker’s perspective of quality, in less difficult terms implies the developers impression of the last item. Buyers perspective of quality means clients impression of the final product.

Validation is important to check whether the various data controls present on a page are accepting the desired data and giving the expected output.

When we do the V&V errands, we need to think both of these perspective of quality.

V&V processes figure out if results of a given activity affirm to requirements and are fit for its utilization. In an extremely less complex terms ( to maintain a strategic distance from any sort of perplexity), we simply recollect that Verification implies the review exercises or the static testing systems and validation implies the genuine test execution exercises or the dynamic Testing Methods.

To conclude:

Both these processes are an integral part of the testing process and happen to be very important. Imagine that we are unable to deliver that product which the customer expects. Then what is the use of investing so much time and money and efforts? To keep a check on the same, these techniques are used widely.

It is important for software testers to identify the difference between these two processes. So that, they can implement these whenever required during the testing process.

We will continue to explore more topics and concepts related to software testing.

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Cost Of Quality In Software

This article would be helpful for Student Software Testing Reviews.

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