Be it the development or the testing process, an SRS document is of prime importance. That’s because it is a document that consists of the client/customer’s requirements. After all, the final motive of any project is to fulfill the requirements of the client/customer.
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Regarding the SRS document testing.
Do you know that vast majority of the bugs in softwares are because of improper functional requirements?” The software code, doesn’t make a difference how well it’s written, no use if there are ambiguities in the SRS document.
It is best to find the issues related to requirements and fix them at an early stage itself. Cost of settling the bug after fulfillment of development or product release is very much high. So, it’s critical to have requirements analysis done and find these improper requirements prior to design specifications and project execution phases of SDLC.
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So, how to go about testing the SRS document?
Well, here are some pointers on the same……
For checking the completion of the requirements, classify the prerequisites in three categories, ‘Must execute’ requirements, requirements that are not indicated but rather are “assumed” and third category is “imagination” kind of prerequisites. Check if all sorts of requirements are tended to before the software designing stage.
All things considered, one has to define some standard tests to quantify the requirements. Once every necessity is sent through these tests you can analyze and freeze the functional prerequisites.
Often, project designers don’t get a clear thought regarding particular modules and they basically assume a few requirements during the design phase. Any prerequisite ought not be founded on presumptions. Requirements ought to be complete, covering every single aspect of the system which is under development.
1. Verify if the requirements are in sync with the project goal:
A few times, stakeholders have their own way of thinking, which they hope to see in the project under development. They don’t see if that requirement is pertinent to the project at hand. Make a point to distinguish such prerequisites. Attempt to maintain a strategic distance from the superfluous prerequisites in the first stage of the project development life cycle. If unrealistic, pose the questions to the stakeholders: why you need to actualize this particular prerequisite? This will portray the specific necessity in detail making it less demanding for designing the system considering the future scope.
2. Relevancy of the requirements:
Easy answer: Set the project objective and pose this question: If not executing this prerequisite will cause any issue accomplishing our predefined objective? If not, at that point it is an irrelevant requirement. Inquire with the stakeholders as to whether they truly need to implement these sorts of requirements.
To summarize, the system requirements specification doc should address the below mentioned things:
– Implementation related issues (risks) if present.
– Details regarding project functionality (what needs to be done and what is not required).
– Correctness of the system, performance and security criteria.
– User interface, hardware and software interfaces.
The requirements ought to be clear and to the point with no uncertain elements, requirements ought to be quantifiable with regards to particular values, requirements ought to be testable having some assessment criteria for every prerequisite, and they ought to be finished, with no contradictions
Testing should begin at the requirements phase itself to dodge further requirements related bugs. Convey increasingly with your stakeholder to clear up every one of the necessities before beginning undertaking the design and execution part.
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