Tag Archives: software testing classes in pune

Exploratory Testing And It’s Application’s

Let us discuss today, a lesser known form of testing i.e. exploratory testing. It forms a part of the software testing process. Exploratory testing is not given much emphasis in majority of the testing classes in Pune. The reason could be not much use of it in the industry. Best institute for software testing in Pune is the place where you can get trained on software testing.

Moving on to exploratory testing, as its name infers, exploratory testing is about investigating, getting some answers concerning the software, what it does, what it doesn’t do, what works and what doesn’t work. The tester is continually settling on choices about what to test next and where to invest the (limited) time.

This is an approach that is most valuable when there are no or poor details and when time is extremely restricted.

Characteristics of exploratory testing:

  • Exploratory testing is a hands-on approach where testers are involved in minimum amount of planning and maximum level of test execution.

  • Test logging is embraced as test execution is performed, documentation of the key parts of what is tested, any defects discovered and any contemplations about conceivable further testing.

  • The test design and test execution exercises are performed in parallel normally without formally reporting the test conditions, test cases or test scripts. This does not imply that other, more formal testing procedures won’t be utilized. For instance, the tester may choose to use BVA yet will thoroughly consider and test the most essential limit values without fundamentally writing them down. A few notes will be written amid the exploratory-testing session, so that a report can be created thereafter.

  • The planning includes the formation of a test sanction, a short revelation of the scope of a short (1 to 2 hour) time-boxed test effort, the goals and conceivable ways to deal with be utilized.

  • It can likewise serve to complement one other, more formal testing, setting up more prominent trust in the software. Along these lines, exploratory testing can be utilized as a check on the formal test process by guaranteeing that the most genuine defects have been discovered.

  • Exploratory testing is portrayed in [Kaner, 2002] and [Copeland, 2003] Other methods for testing in an exploratory way (‘attacks’) are depicted in [Whittaker, 2002].

These were a few characteristics of exploratory testing. For training and placement in the field of software testing, opt for a software testing course in Pune with placement.

Pros of exploratory testing:

  • After introductory testing, most bugs are found by some kind of exploratory testing. This can be shown legitimately by expressing that programs that pass certain tests tend to keep on passing similar tests and will probably fail different tests or situations that are yet to be investigated.

  • Less planning is required, vital bugs are discovered quickly, and the approach has a tendency to be more mentally stimulating to execute than scripted tests.

  • Testers can utilize deductive thinking in light of past outcomes to manage their future testing on-the-fly. They don’t need to finish a present arrangement of scripted tests before concentrating in on or proceeding onward to investigating a more target rich environment. This likewise quickens bug recognition when utilized shrewdly.

Cons of exploratory testing:

  • Free-form exploratory testing ideas, when returned to, are probably not going to be performed in the very same way. This can be an advantage in the event that it is vital to discover new errors or a con in the event that it is more essential to repeat particular details of the prior tests. This can be controlled with particular instructions to the tester or by creating automated tests where doable, suitable, and vital (and preferably as near the unit level as could be expected under the circumstances).

  • Tests created and performed on-the-fly can’t be surveyed ahead of time and along these lines avoid errors in code and the test cases. It can be hard to demonstrate precisely which tests have been run.

This was regarding exploratory testing. Hope that the article turned out to be informative for you. For getting a job in software testing, be a trained professional with the help of testing courses in Pune.

Portability Testing In QA

Here is yet another concept from software testing. It is called as portability testing. We are going to study about the same, in this article. Search for testing courses in Pune, to get the right kind of training in this field. It would help you in the long run. Testing classes in Pune, conduct such courses.

Now, let’s focus our attention on portability testing.

Portability testing alludes to the process of testing the straightforwardness with which a computer based software module or application can be shifted from one environment to the second, e.g. transferring of any application from Windows 2000 to Windows 10. This is normally measured as far as the most extreme measure of effort is allowed. Results are measured with respect to the time required to move the software and complete the and documentation related updates.

Having the capacity to switch software starting with one machine platform then onto the next either at first or from a current environment. It alludes to system software or application programming that can be recompiled for an alternate platform or to software that is accessible for at least two unique environments.

The repetitive and incremental development cycle infers that portability testing is frequently performed in a repetitive and incremental way.

Portability testing needs to be automated if optimum regression testing is to take place. To know more about regression testing, take admission to a software testing course in Pune.

Tests that are a part of portability testing:

  • Adaptability:

Adaptability is the ability of the software to be adjusted to various determined conditions without applying actions or means other than those accommodated for this reason for the system.

  • Installability:

Installability testing is carried out on the product used to install other softwares on its objective environment.

  • Replaceability:

Replaceability is the ability of the software to be utilized as a part of place of another predefined product for a similar reason in a similar environment.

  • Compatibility:

Concurrence is the software product’s ability to exist together with other autonomous software products in typical situations sharing common assets.

Illustrations of portability testing of an application that happens to be portable across a number of:

  • Operating systems (implies service packs and versions).

  • Browsers(that includes types and versions both).

  • Hardware related platforms( that includes servers, clients, input devices, output devices and network connecting devices).

Portability testing objectives:

  • Validate the system on a partial basis (i.e., to figure out whether it satisfies its portability prerequisites):

– Figure out whether the system can be ported to each of its related environments :

– Disk space and hardware RAM.

– Processor speed and hardware.

– Resolution of the monitor.

– Operating system version and make.

– Browser type and version.

– Figure out whether the look and feel of the site pages is comparative and functional in the different browser sorts and their variants.

  • Cause disappointments concerning the portability prerequisites that help distinguish defects that are not proficiently found amid unit and integration testing.

  • Report these defects to the development teams so that the related failures can be resolved.

  • Help decide the degree to which the system is prepared for a release.

  • Help provide project status metrics (e.g., amount of use case paths effectively tried and tested).

  • Give contribution to the defect trend investigation effort.

Thus we saw some details related to portability testing. Hope that you have got a fair bit of idea regarding portability testing.

For a detailed approach towards portability and other kinds of testing, software testing training in Pune would be of great help.

Beta Testing and It’s Importance

The last time around, we saw a few things related to alpha testing. In this article, we will take a look at the concept of Beta testing and why is it important from the testing perspective. A software testing course in Pune, covers the concept of Beta testing as a part of its curriculum. For now, we will have a general idea about beta testing.

Beta Testing is otherwise called as field testing. It is conducted at the client’s end. It sends the software/system to the clients or the end users who go ahead with the installation and utilize it under real-time environment.

Features of Beta testing:

  • The main objective of beta testing is to put your application in the hands of genuine users outside of your own development team to find any defects or issues from the client’s point of view that you would not have any desire to have them in your final release version of the software product, E.g. : Microsoft and numerous different software giants release beta renditions of their software products to be tried and tested by the end users.

  • A beta test happens to be the second stage of software testing that includes a sampling of the target audience tries out the product out. (Beta is placed as the second letter of the Greek alphabet order.) Actually, the term alpha testing implied the first stage of testing in a software development cycle. The first of the phase incorporates unit testing, component testing and system testing. Beta testing can be called as the “pre-release” testing.

Types of Beta versions:

Basically, it can be said that there are two types of beta versions namely open beta and closed beta.

Open beta versions are from a bigger group to the overall population and anybody interested in it. The testers report any bugs that they discover, and at times recommend extra features they think ought to be present in the final release version.

Closed beta variants are released to a select gathering of people for a user end test round and are strictly by invitation.

Benefits of beta testing:

  • The beta testers can find defects with your application that you may have not seen, for example, befuddling application flow, and even system crashes.

  • With the feedback you receive from these beta testing group, you can resolve the issues before it is released to the overall public.

  • You have the chance to get your application tested from the end users before releasing it to the targeted population.

  • End users can install, test your software application, and give the feedback to you amid this beta testing round.

  • Coming up with a higher-quality application when you release it to the target population will expand consumer loyalty towards you.

  • These end users, who are early adopters of your application, will have excitement towards your application.

  • The more number of issues or bugs you resolve that take care of genuine user related problems, the higher the quality of your application when you release it to the general population.

Quality is the fundamental reason behind beta testing as this stage permits the testers and developers to assess the general application experience from users’ perspective. Functional testing ensures every one of the features of your application are working fine and they would execute as per expectations. Developers need to keep up the functionality and quality of their application all the while as once in a while an excessive amount of functionality can hurt the quality and user encounter. The right balance should be maintained.

For more on this, take admission to a software testing institute in Pune, which conducts software testing classes in Pune.

Concept Of Alpha Testing

Today, we are going to study about alpha testing in this article. It is a very important phase in the software testing process. A software testing course can help you prepare for a career in this field.

If you are based in Pune, a software institute in Pune will offer you various testing related courses.

Now,

Let’s come back to discussing alpha testing.

Alpha testing is amongst the most widely practiced software testing strategy utilized as a part of software development. Its especially utilized by the product development companies.

Alpha testing can be termed as a kind of acceptance testing; performed to distinguish every single conceivable issue/bugs before releasing the software product to end users or public. The main of this testing is to recreate genuine users by utilizing blackbox and whitebox techniques. The point is to execute all the tasks that a run of the mill user may perform. Alpha testing is done in a lab scenario and generally the testers are in house representatives of the company. To put it as straightforward as could be possible, this sort of testing is called alpha simply because it is done at an early time, close to the end of the development of the product, and prior to beta testing.

Some characteristics of Alpha testing:

  • Alpha testing is simulated or real time environment testing by potential clients/end users or an independent test team at the developers’ site. Alpha testing is regularly utilized for off-the-rack software as a type of internal acceptance testing, before the software product goes to the beta testing phase.

  • Alpha testing is nothing but testing of an application when the development phase is going to end. Small design related changes can even now be executed on account of alpha testing.

  • Alpha testing is normally carried out by a team that is not a part of the design team, yet at the same time, within the organization, e.g. in-house software testing engineers, or software QA engineers.

  • This test is conducted at the developers location. Developers keep an eye on the users and note down the issues observed by them.

  • Alpha testing is the final round of testing before the product is released to the end user. It has two stages:

    • In the first phase of alpha testing, the software product is tested by the in-house team of developers. They utilize either debugger software, or hardware based debuggers. The objective is to discover the bugs really fast.

    • In the second phase of the alpha testing process, the product is given over to the software QA team, for additional testing in an environment that is identical to the proposed use.

  • Alpha testing makes use of both the black box and white box testing techniques.

  • Security testing and reliability testing are not a part of the in-depth alpha testing.

  • A lengthy execution cycle can be required in case of alpha testing.

  • Critical bugs or fixes can be tended to by developers promptly in Alpha testing.

Advantages of alpha testing:

  • Clear perspective of the reliability pf the product is given at an early stage.

  • It helps in reproducing the real time user conduct and his environment.

  • It helps in recognizing genuine threats or bugs and permits quick action towards their resolution.

Disadvantages of alpha testing:

It is not possible to test the software with in depth functionality being covered, as it still lies in the development phase.

That was regarding alpha testing and the various aspects related to it. Doing a software course is what is recommended, if you want to enter the field of software development or software testing.

A Look Into The Incremental Model of Software Testing

Today, we will take a look into what is the incremental model of software testing. We will check out what it is? It’s advantages, disadvantages and when is it ideal to use. You can learn the various models in software testing, by enrolling for a software testing course in Pune. Choose a good software testing institute in Pune, for the same. Moving on to the incremental model of software testing….

In case of the incremental model, the entire requirement is isolated into different builds. Multiple development cycles exist over here, converting the life cycle into a “multi-waterfall” cycle. Cycles are separated up into littler, all the more effortlessly managed modules. Incremental model is a kind of software development model like V-model, Agile model and so forth.

In this model, every module goes through the necessities, design, execution and testing stages. A working rendition of the software is delivered amid the principal module, so you have a working software at an early stage amid the software life cycle. Each subsequent release of the module adds function to the prior release. The procedure proceeds till the total system is accomplished.

Every cycle goes through the phases of requirements, design, coding and testing stages. What’s more, each resulting release of the system adds functionality to the past released until all outlined functionality has been integrated in the software product.

The system is put into production when the initial increment is conveyed. The primary addition is frequently a core product where the essential requirements are tended to, and supplementary elements are included in the following augmentations. Once the core product is broke down by the customer, there is plan advancement for the following addition.

Model characteristics:

  • System development is separated down into numerous smaller development ventures.

  • Incomplete systems are progressively developed to create a final entire system.

  • Highest priority requirement is handled first.

  • Once the increment id is created, requirements for that increment are frozen.

Advantages of using the Incremental model:

  • Allows development of working software at a quick pace and at an early stage amid the software life cycle.

  • This model is more adaptable – cheaper and easier to alter the requirements and scope.

  • It is simpler to test and debug amid a smaller cycle.

  • In case of this model, the customer can give his feedback on each build.

  • Brings down introductory conveyance cost.

  • Less demanding to manage the risks in light of the fact that the risky pieces are recognized and dealt with, amid a cycle.

Disadvantages of using the incremental model:

  • Requires proper planning and design.

  • Requires a precise and complete understanding of the entire framework before it can be dissected and constructed in an incremental manner.

  • The total cost incurred is greater than the waterfall model.

When can it be used?

  • This model can be utilized when the requirements of the total framework are plainly defined and understood.

  • Significant requirements must be characterized; in any case, a few details can advance with time.

  • There is a need to get a product to the market as early as possible.

  • New kind of technology is being utilized

  • Assets with required expertise set are not accessible

  • There are some high risk prone components and goals.

These are some of the ideal situations where an incremental model can be put to use.

Thus we saw the various aspects related to the incremental model of testing. Hope that it helped you in understanding the concept.

Meanwhile, for learning software testing, you can look out for software testing classes in Pune.

The Role of Test Closure Activities in Testing Process

In this article, we will try to understand the importance of test closure activities in the software testing process. To learn the various concepts related to software testing, go for a software testing course in Pune. You will get one at a software testing institute in Pune.

For now, lets carry on with test closure activities.

In the wake of verifying that test execution has been finished, the data received from various finished test exercises should be gathered and consolidated. You have to analyze the data to discover realities and numbers about the testing exercises amid the project cycle.

Test completion tasks are done generally after the software is delivered, however there are different examples too where test closure is done like, if the venture got canceled or after support release is finished. Test conclusion exercises predominantly involve four sorts. Let’s see them one by one:

  1. Ensure completion of testing process:

Ensuring that all the testing work has really been finished and closed. In case of complex projects it is likely that there can be a couple of things missed, so the test lead or manger needs to twofold check the test plan and ensure that all the planned tasks are really done. They have to ensure that all the decided test cases are either executed or skipped after the go ahead from stakeholders. Likewise every one of the defects in the venture ought to either be resolved and re-tested or conceded or acknowledged as perpetual confinements [such as, Technology limitations].

  1. Handing over of test outcomes:

Hand over the test artifacts to individuals who require it in future. After the release of the product, there are other individuals who will in any case be dealing with the project to maintain it, for instance teams like support and maintenance. These teams will require the test artifacts to make sense of if the reported bugs are as of now known defects or its another issue underway. Test artifacts are likewise required by support team to make sense of the steps to execute the diverse test scenarios or regression after any fixes are finished by maintenance engineers.

  1. Project review:

This is a critical activity of test conclusion, extend reviews are done to record the lessons learned in the project(both bad and the good). In these review meetings, it is examined that we keep on using best practices that worked truly well amid the venture and quit utilizing any unsuccessful practices. There are numerous critical areas about project that should be talked about in review meetings, some of those areas include:

  • Is the process followed in existing venture proficient or there are enhancements required in the process also.

  • What was the pattern of defects found during the project. For instance, were the defects for the most part discovered late in light of the fact that we avoided a test level which would have recognized defects in advance and at a much lower cost. We likewise need to discover was there any absence of skillset in the team because of which the team was not able to discover issues or it was a new technology because of which extensive number of bugs were found.

  • Did the process of testing go smoothly as per plan? Or, were there any hiccups and diversions from the plan that need to be rectified in the upcoming projects? These and such questions need to be asked.

   4. Record and maintain test work products:

At last, all the test work products like test outcomes, test logs, test status reports, test cases, test plans and so on, ought to be preserved in configuration management system. The test plan and project plan ought to be put away in planning archive and have an unmistakable linkage to system and version they were utilized on, likewise the test execution reports ought to plainly be linked to the product version for which they were created.

This was about the role of test closure activities, in the testing process. For more on this, and other testing related concepts, opt for software testing classes in Pune.

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