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Understanding the Difference Between Severity and Priority

As a part of our software testing series, we focus on one concept each time. Today, we will try to understand the difference between severity and priority. It often becomes confusing as far as these two terms are concerned. We will try to simplify them for you. For studying this subject in depth, one can take the help of software courses in Pune. Many software institutes in Pune conduct such courses.


Regarding the question, what is the difference between severity and priority?

  1. Priority:

Priority characterizes the request in which we ought to determine a defect. Would it be a good idea for to fix it right now, or can we wait for sometime? This priority status is told by the tester to the developer specifying the time period to resolve the defect. On the off chance that a high priority is set, then the developer needs to fix it as early as possible. The priority status is set in light of the customer prerequisites. For instance: If the organization name is incorrectly spelled on the landing page of the site, then the priority is high while severity is low to fix it.

Types of priorities:

  • High:

The defect must be settled at the earliest opportunity in light of the fact that the defect is risking the application or the product on an extreme level. The system can’t be utilized until the repair work has been carried out.

  • Medium:

The defect ought to be resolved in the typical course of development exercises. It can hold up until a new build or version is developed.

  • Low:

The defect is an aggravation which ought to be repaired, however repair can be conceded until after more genuine defect has been fixed.

Learn the other concepts related to software testing by joining software testing classes in Pune. Let’s get on with severity now.

2. Severity:

It is the degree to which the defect can influence the software. At the end of the day it characterizes the effect that a given defect has on the deliverables. For instance: If an application or site page crashes when a remote link is clicked on, for this situation clicking the remote link by an user is rare yet the effect of application crashing is extreme. So the severity is high yet priority is low.

Types of severity:

  • Critical:

The defect that leads to the termination of the total system or at least one segment of the system and causes broad corruption of the data. The fizzled function is unusable and there is no worthy option strategy to accomplish the required outcomes then the severity will be said to be critical.

  • Major:

The defect that leads to the shut down of the total system or at least one part of the system and causes extreme corruption of the data. The fizzled function is unusable yet there exists an adequate option strategy to accomplish the required outcomes then the severity will be assigned as major.

  • Moderate:

The defect that does not bring about the closure, but rather makes the system create erroneous, fragmented or conflicting outcomes then the severity will be expressed as moderate.

  • Minor:

The defect that does not bring about the closure and does not harm the ease of use of the system and the coveted results can be effectively gotten by working around the defects then the severity is said to be as a minor one.

  • Cosmetic:

The defect that is identified with the upgrade of the system where the progressions are identified with the look and field of the application then the severity is expressed as a cosmetic one.

Thus we saw the points of differences between severity and priority. For more details on this, a software testing institute in Pune would be of great help.

Beta Testing and It’s Importance

The last time around, we saw a few things related to alpha testing. In this article, we will take a look at the concept of Beta testing and why is it important from the testing perspective. A software testing course in Pune, covers the concept of Beta testing as a part of its curriculum. For now, we will have a general idea about beta testing.

Beta Testing is otherwise called as field testing. It is conducted at the client’s end. It sends the software/system to the clients or the end users who go ahead with the installation and utilize it under real-time environment.

Features of Beta testing:

  • The main objective of beta testing is to put your application in the hands of genuine users outside of your own development team to find any defects or issues from the client’s point of view that you would not have any desire to have them in your final release version of the software product, E.g. : Microsoft and numerous different software giants release beta renditions of their software products to be tried and tested by the end users.

  • A beta test happens to be the second stage of software testing that includes a sampling of the target audience tries out the product out. (Beta is placed as the second letter of the Greek alphabet order.) Actually, the term alpha testing implied the first stage of testing in a software development cycle. The first of the phase incorporates unit testing, component testing and system testing. Beta testing can be called as the “pre-release” testing.

Types of Beta versions:

Basically, it can be said that there are two types of beta versions namely open beta and closed beta.

Open beta versions are from a bigger group to the overall population and anybody interested in it. The testers report any bugs that they discover, and at times recommend extra features they think ought to be present in the final release version.

Closed beta variants are released to a select gathering of people for a user end test round and are strictly by invitation.

Benefits of beta testing:

  • The beta testers can find defects with your application that you may have not seen, for example, befuddling application flow, and even system crashes.

  • With the feedback you receive from these beta testing group, you can resolve the issues before it is released to the overall public.

  • You have the chance to get your application tested from the end users before releasing it to the targeted population.

  • End users can install, test your software application, and give the feedback to you amid this beta testing round.

  • Coming up with a higher-quality application when you release it to the target population will expand consumer loyalty towards you.

  • These end users, who are early adopters of your application, will have excitement towards your application.

  • The more number of issues or bugs you resolve that take care of genuine user related problems, the higher the quality of your application when you release it to the general population.

Quality is the fundamental reason behind beta testing as this stage permits the testers and developers to assess the general application experience from users’ perspective. Functional testing ensures every one of the features of your application are working fine and they would execute as per expectations. Developers need to keep up the functionality and quality of their application all the while as once in a while an excessive amount of functionality can hurt the quality and user encounter. The right balance should be maintained.

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Software Quality Management and It’s Associated Phases

In this article, we will study about Software Quality Management and its associated processes. In order to study this and other topics related to software testing in greater detail, opt for a software testing course.

According to ISO 8204 definition of quality,

Totality of characteristics of an entity that bears on its ability to satisfy stated and implied needs.

This means that any software product under consideration, complies with the stated requirements.

Different phases involved in Software Quality Management (SQM):

Software Quality Management (SQM) portrays the processes that guarantee that the Software Project would achieve its objectives i.e. meet the customer’s desires.

Any particular phase of SDLC has its own particular stages of planning, execution, maintenance, control and report generation. In like manner, Software Quality Management has the accompanying three classes or key stages:

  • Quality Planning

  • Quality Assurance and

  • Quality Control

Let’s take a look at them one by one.

  • Quality Planning:

Quality Planning is a standout amongst the most vital parts of Software Quality Management. It is the initiating phase of SQM. Through legitimate planning, we can guarantee that the processes that make a product are inspected effectively to meet the general venture objective. The supervision of Quality Planning procedure is taken after diversely by various organizations. It has been depicted in various Quality Policy and Documentation crosswise over different organizations.

Other industry benchmarks identified with the Software Project can be alluded to Planning stages when required. These go about as Standard contributions for some particular ventures.

Different tools and methods are utilized to design the quality plan. Few of such tools and systems are described in short in this article. Here are some outlines:-

Benchmark: Deciding on the current product standards by contrasting with the exhibitions of comparable tools which is as of now exist in the market.

Cost of Quality: The aggregate cost of value is a summation of counteractive action, examination and costs of failure.

Design of Experiments: Statistical information can be utilized to decide the components affecting the Quality of the product.

Other tools: There are different tools utilized as a part of the Planning procedure, for example, Cost Benefit Analysis, Cause and Effect Diagrams, System Flow Characteristics.

The greater part of the above key focuses helps in the arrangement of a Quality Management Plan for a specific venture.

  • Quality Assurance:

Quality Plan which is made amid planning is the input to Quality Assurance Process. The Assurance stage is having the accompanying data sources:

1. Quality Audits

2. Different Techniques used to assess performance of the venture

Quality Assurance Process helps us to guarantee that the Project is taking after the Quality Management Plan. The tools and the procedures which are utilized as a part of Planning Process, for example, System Flow Characteristics, Design of Experiments, Cause and Effect Diagrams can be executed here as well, according to necessities.

  • Quality Control:

The following stride to Quality Assurance Process is Quality Control. This particular stage consists of the following inputs:

1. Quality Management Plan.

2. Quality Standards for the Project.

3. Real Observations and Measurements of the work done or work in Progress.

The Quality Control Processes utilizes different tools to Observe and Measure if the work is carried out or not. On the off chance that the Work is done and it is found that the output is not palatable then it can be sent back to the development team for fixing.

In the event that the work done meets the prerequisites as characterized then it is acknowledged and released to the customers or clients.


Documentation is known to be the implicit part of SQM. In Software Quality Management Processes, documentation part is of most extreme significance. Client Requirements of any Software Project should be adequately documented. Else, software ventures fail to screen different phases of the life cycle. A situation where the Requirements of any Software Project are not adequately documented, it is very conceivable that there can be a circumstance where client’s requirements are not known to the testing team. Thus, testing team won’t have the capacity to test the developed software venture as per the client’s necessities or desires.

The lacking data may bring about deficient “Software Quality”, which is not at all acceptable.

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Testing Tools and Their Classification

Today, we will learn about the various software testing tools available, and their classification. Software testing classes in Pune conducted by software testing institute in Pune can help you learn these tools in greater detail.

It is not required to have a one on one relationship between a kind of tool portrayed here and a tool offered by a business tool vendor or an open-source tool. A few tools play out a particular and constrained function (some of the time called a ‘point solution’), however a large number of the business tools offer help for a wide range of functions. For instance a ‘test mangement’ tool may offer help for overseeing testing (progress tracking), configuration administration of testware, incident administration, and requirements analysis and traceability. Correspondingly, another tool may give both coverage estimation and test design support.

There are couple of things that individuals are great at in contrast with the PCs. For instance, when you see your companion in a startling spot, similar to a shopping center, you can instantly perceive their face. This is on account that individuals are great at pattern identification, yet it is difficult to develop a software that can perceive a face. Then again there are things that computers can carry out more rapidly and effectively than individuals can do. For instance, addition of 20 three-digit numbers instantly. This is difficult for the vast majority to do, there are chances that you commit a few errors regardless of the possibility that the numbers are jotted down. A computer does this precisely and rapidly. Consider another case, if individuals are made a request to do the very same work again and again, it will be repetitive and they soon get exhausted and after that begin committing errors.

In this way, the thought is to utilize computers to do things that they are better at. Tool support is extremely helpful for repetitive tasks – the computer doesn’t get exhausted and will have the capacity to precisely repeat what was done before and that too with no slip-ups. Since the tools will be quick, this can make those tasks substantially more productive and more relying.

Taking after are the classifications of various sorts of testing tools as per the test procedure exercises. The “(D)” denoted after the sorts of tools demonstrates that these tools are for the most part utilized by the developers. The different sorts of test tools as indicated by the test process exercises are:

1.Test management tool support:

– Test management tools

– Requirements management tools

-Incident management tools

– Configuration management tools

2. Static testing tool support:

– Review process support tools

– Static analysis tools (D)

– Modelling tools (D)

3. Test specification tool support:

– Test design tools

– Test data preparation tools

4. Test execution and logging tool support:

– Test execution tools

– Test harness/ Unit test framework tools (D)

– Test comparators

– Coverage measurement tools (D)

– Security tools

5. Performance and monitoring tool support:

– Dynamic analysis tools (D)

– Performance testing, Load testing and stress-testing tools

– Monitoring tools

An tool that measures some part of software may have couple of sudden side effects additionally on that software. Like, for instance, a tool that records timings for performance testing requirements to communicate closely with that application keeping in mind the end goal to gauge it. A performance tool will set a start time and a stop time for a given exchange with a specific end goal to quantify the reaction time. However, by taking that measurement, that is putting away the time at those two focuses, could really make the entire task take marginally longer than it would do if the tool was not measuring the reaction time. Obviously, the additional time is little, however it is still there. This impact is known as the ‘probe effect’.

For more on these testing tools and to learn them, join a software testing course in Pune.