Category Archives: SDLC

Capability Maturity Model (CMM) and It’s Levels

In this article, we will discuss about the Capability Maturity Model (CMM) and it’s different levels. It would help you for self study.

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Coming back to our topic of discussion which is the CMM model,

CMM is a standard for measuring the maturity of an organization’s software life cycle. It is a technique used to create and refine a company’s SDLC. CMM can be utilized to survey an organization against a scale of five process development levels in light of certain Key Process Areas (KPA). It depicts the maturity of the organization in view of the venture the organization is managing and the clients. Each level positions the organization as indicated by its standardization of procedures in the branch of knowledge being surveyed.

A maturity model enables:

  • A place to begin.

  • A common language and a shared outlook.

  • The advantage of a community’s previous experiences.

  • A framework in order to set action priorities.

  • A method to define what is the improvement means for your organization.

Software testing training in Pune covers the CMM model as a part of its program. At least a brief insight, if not in great detail.

Five maturity levels of software processes as defined by CMM:

  • Initial maturity level:

At the beginning level, procedures are complicated, even clamorous. Success is probably going to rely on upon individual efforts, and is not thought to be repeatable, in light of the fact that procesees would not be adequately characterized and archived to enable them to be replicated.

  • Repeatable maturity level:

At the repeatable level, essential project administration techniques are set up, and success could be repeated, on the grounds that the imperative processes would have been made built up, characterized, and documented.

  • Defined maturity level:

At the defined level, an organization has built up its own standard software programming process through more noteworthy regards for documentation, standardization, and integration.

  • Managed maturity level:

At the managed level, an organization screens and controls its own procedures through information gathering and its examination.

  • Optimizing maturity level:

At the optimizing level, procedures are continually being enhanced through monitored feedback from existing procedures and acquainting inventive processes with better serve the organization’s specific needs.

The CMM is identical to ISO 9001, one of the ISO 9000 arrangement of standards determined by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO). The ISO 9000 standards indicate a compelling quality framework for manufacturing and administration enterprises; ISO 9001 deals particularly with software development and maintenance. The fundamental contrast between the two system lies in their particular purposes: ISO 9001 indicates a minimum accepted quality level for software processes, while the CMM builds up a system for ceaseless process change and is more unequivocal than the ISO standard in characterizing the way to be utilized with that in mind.

CMM was introduced and is advanced by the Software Engineering Institute (SEI), a R&D centre supported by the U.S. Department of Defense (DoD). SEI was established in 1984 to address software designing issues and, in a wide sense, to propel software engineering methodologies. All the more particularly, SEI was formed for optimizing the process of creating, acquiring, and keeping up heavily software dependent frameworks for the DoD. Since the procedures included are similarly applicable to the software businesses in general, SEI advocates all inclusive reception of the CMM.

This was an insight into the Capability Maturity Model (CMM) and it’s different levels.

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An In Depth Guide Into The Waterfall Model

In this article, we will take you through the popular Waterfall Model, which is used widely in the software industry.

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Now we will see the various details related to the Waterfall Model.

The Waterfall Model was the first Process Model to come into existence. It is additionally alluded to as a linear-sequential life cycle model. It is extremely easy to comprehend and put into use. In a waterfall model, each stage must be finished completely before the following phase can start. This kind of software development model is essentially utilized for the for the venture which is small in scale and uncertain requirements are not present. Towards the end of each phase, a review happens to decide whether the project is on the desired path and regardless of whether to proceed or discontinue the project. In the Waterfall model, software testing begins only after the development phase is completed. In the waterfall model, phases cannot overlap.

When is the waterfall model used ?

  • Proper understanding of the technology under use.

  • Ambiguous requirements do not exist.

  • Scale of the project is small.

  • Definition of the product is stable.

  • The requirements are required to be clear, fixed and very well known.

  • Plenty of resources with necessary expertise are available free of cost.

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Advantages of using the Waterfall Model:

  • Simple and easy model to understand and implement.

  • This model serves best for small sized projects. It’s just that the requirements need to be very well understood.

  • It is anything but difficult to manage because of the rigid nature of the model – each stage has particular deliverables and a review procedure.

  • In this model phases are handled and finished one at a time. Phases don’t overlap each other.

Disadvantages of using the Waterfall Model:

  • This model is not meant for projects in which the requirements are at a high or moderate risk of changing.

  • Once an application reaches the testing phase, it is exceptionally hard to go back and change something that was not well-thought about in the conceptual phase.

  • No functional software is developed until late during the life cycle.

  • Not an ideal model for lengthy and ongoing projects.

  • Risks involved and uncertainties are greater.

  • Not meant for complicated and object-oriented projects.

Very less customer involvement is there amid the development of the product. Once the product is developed, then only it can be demonstrated to the end users. Post the development of the product, if any failure takes place, then the cost of settling such issues are quite high, since we are required to update right from the document up-to the logic.

In the waterfall model, it is vital to take the close down for the deliverables at each stage. At present, a large portion of the projects are going with the Agile and the Prototype models, Waterfall model as yet holds useful for smaller projects. In the event that requirements are direct and testable, using the Waterfall model will yield the best outcomes.

Software courses in Pune are useful if one wants to enter the field of IT. Be it software development or testing.

Characteristics of Reliability testing

Today, we will have a look at Reliabilty testing. We will try to understand the concept covering the various aspects related to it. Testing classes in Pune train students in the software testing domain. To get more details about the same, you can search for software testing courses in Pune.

Let us go ahead with reliability testing.

Reliability Testing is all about execution of an application with the goal that bugs are found and resolved before the system is deployed. The aim of reliability testing is to decide the product reliability, and to check if the software meets the customer’s reliability demands.

Characteristics of Reliability testing:

  • Reliability alludes to the consistency of a measure. A test is viewed as reliable in the event that we get a similar outcome more than once. Software Reliability is the likelihood of failure free software functioning for a predefined time-frame in a predetermined environment. Software Reliability is additionally a critical element influencing system reliability.

  • Reliability testing can be carried out at different levels. Complicated systems can be tested at component, unit, subsystem, system, circuit board and assembly levels.

  • As indicated by ANSI, Software Reliability is defined as: the likelihood of failure free software operation for a predefined time-frame in a predetermined environment. Software Reliability is not an immediate function of time. Electronic and mechanical parts may turn out to be towards becoming “old” and destroy with time and use, however software won’t rust or destroy amid its life cycle. Software won’t change after some time unless purposefully changed or updated.

  • Reliability testing will have a tendency to reveal prior those failures that are in all likelihood in real-time operations, in this manner coordinating endeavors at settling the most imperative shortcomings.

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Software reliability plays an important role in software quality. Software reliability can be divided into three parts as below:

  1. Modeling

  2. Measurement

  3. Improvement

  1. Modeling:

Software reliability modeling has developed to the point that significant outcomes can be gotten by applying appropriate models to the issue. There are a number of models that exist, yet no single model can catch an essential measure of the software characteristics. Assumptions and abstractions must be made to simplify the issue. There is no single model that is all inclusive to every one of the circumstances.

  1. Measurement:

Software reliability estimation is naive as of now. Measurement is a long way from commonplace in software, similar to other engineering related fields. “How great is the software product, quantitatively?” As straightforward as the question may be, there is still no clever response. Software reliability cannot be measured directly, so other related aspects are measured to gauge software reliability and compare it with other products. Development process, shortcomings and failures found are all elements identified with software reliability.

  1. Improvement:

Software reliability improvement is difficult. The trouble of the issue originates from deficient comprehension of software reliability and on the whole, the attributes of software. Up to this point there is no great approach to vanquish the complexity problem of the software. Complete testing of a modestly complex software module is infeasible. Free of defects software product can not be guaranteed. Real-time constraints of time and spending plan severely restrains the efforts put into software reliability improvements.

For an organization to perform reliability testing is generally costlier than the typical functional testing as it requires more change and swings to distinguish the application breakpoint and loads of technical abilities and experience on the testing resource side.

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The Role of Volume Testing In Software Testing

As a part of our software testing article series, today we will be seeing what is volume testing, and the various aspects related to it.

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Now, let’s focus our attention on understanding Volume testing.

It comes under the category of non-functional testing. Volume testing is nothing but testing a software application or product with a specific amount of data. E.g. in the event that we need to volume test our application with a particular database size, we have to extend our database to that size and afterwards test the application’s performance based on it.

  • Volume testing” is a term stated and elaborated in The Art of Software Testing, 1979, by Glenford Myer. As per his definition, Volume testing is “Subjecting the program to heavy volumes of data. The purpose of volume testing is to show that the program cannot handle the volume of data specified in its objectives” – p. 113.

  • The role of volume testing is to decide system performance with expanding volumes of data in the database.

  • Test cases are extracted from design documents

  • Data to be tested is normally generated with the help of a test data generator.

  • A small amount of data is tested during the developmental phase.

  • The test data used is just to assess the system performance. Test data is not required to be logically correct.

  • Post the completion of testing, results are logged and tracked to bring it to closure.

  • Software performance deteriorates with time since there is huge amount of data overtime.

Checklist for Volume testing:

  • Checking the response time of the system.

  • Check for any data loss.

  • Check if data is being overwritten sans any notification.

  • Check whether data is being stored in an incorrect manner.

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Examples of Volume Testing:

In the event that you are planning for a software to be utilized on 1,000 PCs, you ought to reproduce the utilization of the system on a similar number of PCs. That is what you call as volume testing. All the actual exercises that will be performed by the users ought to be reproduced and performed. This will incorporate opening of files, creating documents, and processing data or any utilization the end user will probably utilize the system for.

In the event that you need to test the application with a database of a particular size, the database of the system ought to be extended by adding more data to the system database until it meets the desired objective.

Volume testing vs load testing:

Volume testing makes sure if the software under question functions as per expectations for certain volume of data. Volume can be built by increasing size of the document. As far as load testing is concerned, load tests checks the system performance when the load is increased. Load testing here will be increasing the number of files. Volume testing can be utilized to quantify the throughput while load testing can be utilized for measuring the performance.

Volume-testing services incorporate test management, development of test labs, test strategy designing and planning and test plan development, development of automation testing systems, assistance in making test script, developing test scenarios, test case execution and provide quantifiable test reports.

Hope that you found this article on Volume testing, to be informative. We will come up with more topics related to software testing.

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Maintainability Testing and It’s Significance!

Maintainability testing even though sidelined in majority of the cases, or given lesser priority as compared to other kinds of testing, holds quite a lot of significance in the entire testing process.

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For now, lets get to understanding the concept of Maintainability testing at the basic level. This will give you a general idea of the concept.

Maintainability testing is the parameter to show how easy is it, to maintain the system. This implies how easy is to analyze, alter and test the application or the product under consideration.

Maintainability testing is the capacity of the product/system to promptly experience any sorts of changes, to upgrade it, keeping in mind the end goal to meet the prerequisites. It is the level of measuring the software or system potential to experience changes, to meet the requirements. These prerequisites may incorporate

  • Resolving defects or errors.

  • Extra functionality.

  • Adjusting to the changing environment.

  • Prevention of unexpected failures,

  • Maintenance in the future and so forth.

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Maintainability testing would make use of a model of the maintainability necessities of the product/system. The maintainability testing might be determined as far as the efforts required to impact a change under each of the accompanying four classes:

  1. Corrective maintenance:

Correcting issues. The maintainability of a system can be measured as far as the time taken to analyze and fix problems recognized inside that system.

  1. Perfective maintenance:

Upgrading. The maintainability of a framework can likewise be measured as far as the efforts taken to make the required upgrades to that system. This can be tested by noting the time taken to accomplish another bit of identifiable functionality, e.g. a change to the database, and so on. Various comparative tests ought to be run and an average time computed. The result will be that it is conceivable to give an average effort required to actualize determined functionality. This can be analyzed against a target effort and an evaluation made in the matter of whether requirements are met.

  1. Adaptive maintenance:

Adjusting to the changes in the environment. The maintainability of a software can likewise be measured in terms of the efforts required to create required adaptations to that system. This can be measured in the way portrayed above for perfective maintainability testing.

  1. Preventive maintenance:

Necessary steps to reduce future maintenance costs. This is in reference to the actions taken to reduce maintenance costs that may arise in future.

Maintainability testing characteristics:

  • Ensures software’s efficiency to experience the alteration procedure, in order to meet the oftentimes changing requirements of the customers or the clients.

  • Useful for the future maintenance of the system or software.

  • A kind of non-functional testing that guarantees the competency of the system or software to acknowledge alterations in it.

  • Guarantees acquiescence of maintainability characteristics like Stability, Analyzability, Testability, Changeability, Maintainability consistence.

  • Maintainability testing and maintenance testing are two distinct sorts of testing.

Significance:

Poor old maintainability, dependably consigned toward the finish of the list of software attributes, regularly disregarded completely in master test plans, and often not in any case perceived as the root cause when we later get chomped by impacts of poor maintainability. You would opine that more consideration would be paid to this part of software quality, wouldn’t you? All things considered, there is proof that maintenance related tasks can represent up to 80 percent of the efforts spent on an application, ranging over its whole life cycle. Actually, one ought to expect that most by far of the software product’s life cycle is spent in the maintenance stage.

Hope that you got a feel of Maintainability Testing after reading this article. Join the best software testing institute in Pune and kick start a career in software testing.

Beta Testing and It’s Importance

The last time around, we saw a few things related to alpha testing. In this article, we will take a look at the concept of Beta testing and why is it important from the testing perspective. A software testing course in Pune, covers the concept of Beta testing as a part of its curriculum. For now, we will have a general idea about beta testing.

Beta Testing is otherwise called as field testing. It is conducted at the client’s end. It sends the software/system to the clients or the end users who go ahead with the installation and utilize it under real-time environment.

Features of Beta testing:

  • The main objective of beta testing is to put your application in the hands of genuine users outside of your own development team to find any defects or issues from the client’s point of view that you would not have any desire to have them in your final release version of the software product, E.g. : Microsoft and numerous different software giants release beta renditions of their software products to be tried and tested by the end users.

  • A beta test happens to be the second stage of software testing that includes a sampling of the target audience tries out the product out. (Beta is placed as the second letter of the Greek alphabet order.) Actually, the term alpha testing implied the first stage of testing in a software development cycle. The first of the phase incorporates unit testing, component testing and system testing. Beta testing can be called as the “pre-release” testing.

Types of Beta versions:

Basically, it can be said that there are two types of beta versions namely open beta and closed beta.

Open beta versions are from a bigger group to the overall population and anybody interested in it. The testers report any bugs that they discover, and at times recommend extra features they think ought to be present in the final release version.

Closed beta variants are released to a select gathering of people for a user end test round and are strictly by invitation.

Benefits of beta testing:

  • The beta testers can find defects with your application that you may have not seen, for example, befuddling application flow, and even system crashes.

  • With the feedback you receive from these beta testing group, you can resolve the issues before it is released to the overall public.

  • You have the chance to get your application tested from the end users before releasing it to the targeted population.

  • End users can install, test your software application, and give the feedback to you amid this beta testing round.

  • Coming up with a higher-quality application when you release it to the target population will expand consumer loyalty towards you.

  • These end users, who are early adopters of your application, will have excitement towards your application.

  • The more number of issues or bugs you resolve that take care of genuine user related problems, the higher the quality of your application when you release it to the general population.

Quality is the fundamental reason behind beta testing as this stage permits the testers and developers to assess the general application experience from users’ perspective. Functional testing ensures every one of the features of your application are working fine and they would execute as per expectations. Developers need to keep up the functionality and quality of their application all the while as once in a while an excessive amount of functionality can hurt the quality and user encounter. The right balance should be maintained.

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Concept Of Alpha Testing

Today, we are going to study about alpha testing in this article. It is a very important phase in the software testing process. A software testing course can help you prepare for a career in this field.

If you are based in Pune, a software institute in Pune will offer you various testing related courses.

Now,

Let’s come back to discussing alpha testing.

Alpha testing is amongst the most widely practiced software testing strategy utilized as a part of software development. Its especially utilized by the product development companies.

Alpha testing can be termed as a kind of acceptance testing; performed to distinguish every single conceivable issue/bugs before releasing the software product to end users or public. The main of this testing is to recreate genuine users by utilizing blackbox and whitebox techniques. The point is to execute all the tasks that a run of the mill user may perform. Alpha testing is done in a lab scenario and generally the testers are in house representatives of the company. To put it as straightforward as could be possible, this sort of testing is called alpha simply because it is done at an early time, close to the end of the development of the product, and prior to beta testing.

Some characteristics of Alpha testing:

  • Alpha testing is simulated or real time environment testing by potential clients/end users or an independent test team at the developers’ site. Alpha testing is regularly utilized for off-the-rack software as a type of internal acceptance testing, before the software product goes to the beta testing phase.

  • Alpha testing is nothing but testing of an application when the development phase is going to end. Small design related changes can even now be executed on account of alpha testing.

  • Alpha testing is normally carried out by a team that is not a part of the design team, yet at the same time, within the organization, e.g. in-house software testing engineers, or software QA engineers.

  • This test is conducted at the developers location. Developers keep an eye on the users and note down the issues observed by them.

  • Alpha testing is the final round of testing before the product is released to the end user. It has two stages:

    • In the first phase of alpha testing, the software product is tested by the in-house team of developers. They utilize either debugger software, or hardware based debuggers. The objective is to discover the bugs really fast.

    • In the second phase of the alpha testing process, the product is given over to the software QA team, for additional testing in an environment that is identical to the proposed use.

  • Alpha testing makes use of both the black box and white box testing techniques.

  • Security testing and reliability testing are not a part of the in-depth alpha testing.

  • A lengthy execution cycle can be required in case of alpha testing.

  • Critical bugs or fixes can be tended to by developers promptly in Alpha testing.

Advantages of alpha testing:

  • Clear perspective of the reliability pf the product is given at an early stage.

  • It helps in reproducing the real time user conduct and his environment.

  • It helps in recognizing genuine threats or bugs and permits quick action towards their resolution.

Disadvantages of alpha testing:

It is not possible to test the software with in depth functionality being covered, as it still lies in the development phase.

That was regarding alpha testing and the various aspects related to it. Doing a software course is what is recommended, if you want to enter the field of software development or software testing.

Understanding State Transition Testing

Software testing has a lot of jobs to offer. The thing is that you need to acquire the desired skills. For that, choose a software testing institute in Pune that conducts software testing classes in Pune.

Moving on to today’s topic….

State transition testing is utilized where some part of the framework can be portrayed in what is known as a ‘finite state machine’. This basically implies the system can be in a (limited) number of various states, and the transition from one state then onto the next are dictated by the guidelines of the ‘machine’. This is the model on which the framework and the tests are based.

Highlights of the state transition testing process:

  • Any system where you get an alternate output for the same input, contingent upon what has occurred some time recently, happens to be a finite state framework.

  • One of the benefits of the state transition process is that the model can be in depth or as abstract as you need it to be. Where a part of the framework is more essential (that is, requires all the more testing) a more noteworthy profundity of detail can be demonstrated. Where the system is less critical (requires less testing), the model can utilize a solitary state to mean what might somehow or another be a progression of various states.

  • This model consists of four fundamental parts:

– The states in which a software would remain (open or closed or funded/insufficient funds)

– The shift from one state to another (not all transitions are permitted)

– The events that might lead to a transition (closing of a file or withdrawing money from an ATM)

– Call to action as a result of transition(error prompt or successful withdrawal of cash)

That is the reason we can see that in any given state, an event can bring about just a single action, however that a similar event – from an alternate state – may bring about an alternate action and an alternate end state.

E.g.

On the off chance that a document is open, you can close it. On the off chance that no doc is open, then the action “Close” is not feasible. After you click on “Close” once, you can’t opt for it again for the same document unless you open that document. A document accordingly has two states: open and shut.

Another example is:

In the event that you ask to withdraw Rs 100 from a bank ATM, you might be given money. Later you may make the very same demand however it might decline to give you the cash due to your lacking balance. This later refusal is on the grounds that the state of your account has been transited from having adequate funds to cover the withdrawal to having lesser funds. The transaction that brought for you to change its state was likely the before withdrawal. A state chart can represent a model from the perspective of the framework, the account or the client.

Where can it be put to use?

  • When we have succession of events that happen and related conditions that apply to those events.

  • At the point when the best possible handling of a specific event relies on the events and conditions that have took place previously.

  • It is utilized for real time frameworks with different states and transitions included.

In a practical situation, testers are ordinarily given the state transition diagrams and they are required to decipher it. These outlines are either given by the Business Analysts or the stakeholder and testers utilize these graphs to design the test cases.

Thus, we saw various fundas related to the state transition testing. For more on this and other concepts, join a software testing course in Pune.

Software Quality Management and It’s Associated Phases

In this article, we will study about Software Quality Management and its associated processes. In order to study this and other topics related to software testing in greater detail, opt for a software testing course.

According to ISO 8204 definition of quality,

Totality of characteristics of an entity that bears on its ability to satisfy stated and implied needs.

This means that any software product under consideration, complies with the stated requirements.

Different phases involved in Software Quality Management (SQM):

Software Quality Management (SQM) portrays the processes that guarantee that the Software Project would achieve its objectives i.e. meet the customer’s desires.

Any particular phase of SDLC has its own particular stages of planning, execution, maintenance, control and report generation. In like manner, Software Quality Management has the accompanying three classes or key stages:

  • Quality Planning

  • Quality Assurance and

  • Quality Control

Let’s take a look at them one by one.

  • Quality Planning:

Quality Planning is a standout amongst the most vital parts of Software Quality Management. It is the initiating phase of SQM. Through legitimate planning, we can guarantee that the processes that make a product are inspected effectively to meet the general venture objective. The supervision of Quality Planning procedure is taken after diversely by various organizations. It has been depicted in various Quality Policy and Documentation crosswise over different organizations.

Other industry benchmarks identified with the Software Project can be alluded to Planning stages when required. These go about as Standard contributions for some particular ventures.

Different tools and methods are utilized to design the quality plan. Few of such tools and systems are described in short in this article. Here are some outlines:-

Benchmark: Deciding on the current product standards by contrasting with the exhibitions of comparable tools which is as of now exist in the market.

Cost of Quality: The aggregate cost of value is a summation of counteractive action, examination and costs of failure.

Design of Experiments: Statistical information can be utilized to decide the components affecting the Quality of the product.

Other tools: There are different tools utilized as a part of the Planning procedure, for example, Cost Benefit Analysis, Cause and Effect Diagrams, System Flow Characteristics.

The greater part of the above key focuses helps in the arrangement of a Quality Management Plan for a specific venture.

  • Quality Assurance:

Quality Plan which is made amid planning is the input to Quality Assurance Process. The Assurance stage is having the accompanying data sources:

1. Quality Audits

2. Different Techniques used to assess performance of the venture

Quality Assurance Process helps us to guarantee that the Project is taking after the Quality Management Plan. The tools and the procedures which are utilized as a part of Planning Process, for example, System Flow Characteristics, Design of Experiments, Cause and Effect Diagrams can be executed here as well, according to necessities.

  • Quality Control:

The following stride to Quality Assurance Process is Quality Control. This particular stage consists of the following inputs:

1. Quality Management Plan.

2. Quality Standards for the Project.

3. Real Observations and Measurements of the work done or work in Progress.

The Quality Control Processes utilizes different tools to Observe and Measure if the work is carried out or not. On the off chance that the Work is done and it is found that the output is not palatable then it can be sent back to the development team for fixing.

In the event that the work done meets the prerequisites as characterized then it is acknowledged and released to the customers or clients.

Documentation:

Documentation is known to be the implicit part of SQM. In Software Quality Management Processes, documentation part is of most extreme significance. Client Requirements of any Software Project should be adequately documented. Else, software ventures fail to screen different phases of the life cycle. A situation where the Requirements of any Software Project are not adequately documented, it is very conceivable that there can be a circumstance where client’s requirements are not known to the testing team. Thus, testing team won’t have the capacity to test the developed software venture as per the client’s necessities or desires.

The lacking data may bring about deficient “Software Quality”, which is not at all acceptable.

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The Role of Test Closure Activities in Testing Process

In this article, we will try to understand the importance of test closure activities in the software testing process. To learn the various concepts related to software testing, go for a software testing course in Pune. You will get one at a software testing institute in Pune.

For now, lets carry on with test closure activities.

In the wake of verifying that test execution has been finished, the data received from various finished test exercises should be gathered and consolidated. You have to analyze the data to discover realities and numbers about the testing exercises amid the project cycle.

Test completion tasks are done generally after the software is delivered, however there are different examples too where test closure is done like, if the venture got canceled or after support release is finished. Test conclusion exercises predominantly involve four sorts. Let’s see them one by one:

  1. Ensure completion of testing process:

Ensuring that all the testing work has really been finished and closed. In case of complex projects it is likely that there can be a couple of things missed, so the test lead or manger needs to twofold check the test plan and ensure that all the planned tasks are really done. They have to ensure that all the decided test cases are either executed or skipped after the go ahead from stakeholders. Likewise every one of the defects in the venture ought to either be resolved and re-tested or conceded or acknowledged as perpetual confinements [such as, Technology limitations].

  1. Handing over of test outcomes:

Hand over the test artifacts to individuals who require it in future. After the release of the product, there are other individuals who will in any case be dealing with the project to maintain it, for instance teams like support and maintenance. These teams will require the test artifacts to make sense of if the reported bugs are as of now known defects or its another issue underway. Test artifacts are likewise required by support team to make sense of the steps to execute the diverse test scenarios or regression after any fixes are finished by maintenance engineers.

  1. Project review:

This is a critical activity of test conclusion, extend reviews are done to record the lessons learned in the project(both bad and the good). In these review meetings, it is examined that we keep on using best practices that worked truly well amid the venture and quit utilizing any unsuccessful practices. There are numerous critical areas about project that should be talked about in review meetings, some of those areas include:

  • Is the process followed in existing venture proficient or there are enhancements required in the process also.

  • What was the pattern of defects found during the project. For instance, were the defects for the most part discovered late in light of the fact that we avoided a test level which would have recognized defects in advance and at a much lower cost. We likewise need to discover was there any absence of skillset in the team because of which the team was not able to discover issues or it was a new technology because of which extensive number of bugs were found.

  • Did the process of testing go smoothly as per plan? Or, were there any hiccups and diversions from the plan that need to be rectified in the upcoming projects? These and such questions need to be asked.

   4. Record and maintain test work products:

At last, all the test work products like test outcomes, test logs, test status reports, test cases, test plans and so on, ought to be preserved in configuration management system. The test plan and project plan ought to be put away in planning archive and have an unmistakable linkage to system and version they were utilized on, likewise the test execution reports ought to plainly be linked to the product version for which they were created.

This was about the role of test closure activities, in the testing process. For more on this, and other testing related concepts, opt for software testing classes in Pune.

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