QTP is a widely used automation software from HP. In fact, it is the leading one. QTP is essentially taught as a part of the software testing training in Pune. So, if you want to master this tool, opt for a training program in it.
A Keyword-driven methodology is a popular technique used in association with QTP, both for test creation and testing of a software application.
Let’s take a look at this methodology, along with the advantages it has to offer.
About Keyword-driven methodology:
This particular methodology allows us to create tests at a more application-particular level and with a more organized outline. This enables us to maintain our tests all the more proficiently and gives us greater adaptability when contrasted with a recorded test.
Test creation with the assistance of keyword driven approach requires a foundation for different required assets. Assets are, e.g. shared object repositories, libraries, and recuperation situations. For setting up the infrastructure we need exhaustive knowledge of the application and an extraordinary level of mastery of QTP software.
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Advantages offered by Keyword-Driven testing:
This approach enables us to create the tests at a business level as opposed to at the object level. For instance, QTP may perceive a solitary alternative choice in our application as a number of steps: a click on a particular button object, a mouse operation on the object of a list, and afterwards a keyword operation on a rundown sub-item. We can come up with a suitably named function to present to these lower-level operations in a solitary, business-level keyword.
During the recording of the tests, we may not see that new objects are being included in the local object repository. This may bring about maintenance of local object repositories with duplicates of the same objects in most cases. When utilizing this technique, we choose the objects for our steps from the current object repository. When we require another new object, we can include it to our local object repository incidentally, yet we are likewise mindful that we have to add it to the shared object repository for future usage.
Automation professionals can include functions and objects in sync with detailed product specifications even before a component has been included to a product. Using keyword-driven testing, we can start to create tests for a new product or features prior in the development cycle.
With the inclusion of technical operations, similar to synchronization statement which sits tight for client-server interactions to complete, into more elevated level keywords, tests are simpler to peruse and less demanding to maintain.
During test recording, QTP enters the right objects, methods, and arguments for us. Thus, it is conceivable to create a test with little planning or preparation. Despite the fact that this makes it less demanding to create tests rapidly, such tests are harder to keep up when the application changes and regularly require re-recording huge parts of the test.
Using this approach, we choose from existing objects and operation keywords. Henceforth, we should be comfortable with both the object repositories and the function libraries that are accessible. We need a smart thought of what we need our test to look like before we start embeddings steps. This as a rule brings about well planned and better-organized tests, which additionally brings about less demanding long haul maintenance.
This technique prompts a more proficient partition between resource maintenance and test maintenance. This permits the automation specialists to concentrate on maintaining objects and functions while application testers concentrate on keeping up the test structure and design.
Thus, we saw a few points in connection with the Keyword-Driven testing methodology.
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