Monthly Archives: March 2017

Getting To Know Baseline Testing In Software

In this article, we are going to discuss about the concept of baseline testing in the software arena. It is a lesser known concept and might not be a part of the software testing courses in Pune. Best software testing institute in Pune, is the place you can go for getting trained and placed in this domain.

Baseline Testing happens to be one of the sorts of non-functional testing. It alludes to the approval of documents and specifications on which test cases would be outlined. The requirement specification validation is termed as baseline testing.

  • Baseline testing additionally helps an incredible deal in taking care of the vast majority of the issues that are found. A lion’s share of the issues are explained through baseline testing.

  • For the most part a baseline is characterized as a line that structures the base for any development or for estimation, comparisons or calculations.

From the technical perspective,

Baseline is an official document which goes about as a base record for future work. Talking in layman dialect, for constructing a building, you require a foundation. Same thing applies to testing. We have to create a Baseline, from which additionally testing can be carried out. On an initial level, it is vital to realize that it is non-functional testing which implies it has nothing to do with testing of functions of application. Or maybe testing of document is done which establishes strong base of the work to be done in future. So one might say that it goes about as a base for development in times to come, whatever it is. It might be execution, test case development etc.

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Once the Baseline Testing is performed and the SRS document is freezed, we are prepared to advance and begin the development and testing process. For testing, we can begin planning test case in light of requirement document. Principle advantage of Baseline Testing is that we can expel errors in necessity in early phase of Software Development Life Cycle and evacuate such a large number of issues and efforts at later stage and help us conveying the venture with least rework and less exertion.

Assume that Baseline Testing is not done appropriately and Business Requirement Document is not legitimately settled, then SRS created on the premise of Business Requirement Document won’t be legitimate and Design Document will likewise not be right and hence every one of the exercises of development and testing won’t be according to client’s wish as there might be slight mix-up while taking the prerequisite or the necessity was not baselined legitimately. From this we can see how much essential is Baseline testing.

Conclusion:

Along these lines we see that Baseline testing is of how much significance and unless and until requirements document is not legitimately approved or as such if Baseline testing is not carried out, there will be lots of issues in later stage and efforts put in will be a great deal more in tackling the issues which will be only wastage of energy and time and new prerequisites will be taken and need to undergo all stages of Software Development Life Cycle, keeping in mind the end goal to resolve the issues totally. Along these lines, we can state that Baseline Testing understands many issues at prior stage, cost reduction, energy and time to the organization at the later phase of Software Development Life Cycle.

Thus we can now see the importance of Baseline testing in the software industry.

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Understanding the Difference Between Severity and Priority

As a part of our software testing series, we focus on one concept each time. Today, we will try to understand the difference between severity and priority. It often becomes confusing as far as these two terms are concerned. We will try to simplify them for you. For studying this subject in depth, one can take the help of software courses in Pune. Many software institutes in Pune conduct such courses.

Now,

Regarding the question, what is the difference between severity and priority?

  1. Priority:

Priority characterizes the request in which we ought to determine a defect. Would it be a good idea for to fix it right now, or can we wait for sometime? This priority status is told by the tester to the developer specifying the time period to resolve the defect. On the off chance that a high priority is set, then the developer needs to fix it as early as possible. The priority status is set in light of the customer prerequisites. For instance: If the organization name is incorrectly spelled on the landing page of the site, then the priority is high while severity is low to fix it.

Types of priorities:

  • High:

The defect must be settled at the earliest opportunity in light of the fact that the defect is risking the application or the product on an extreme level. The system can’t be utilized until the repair work has been carried out.

  • Medium:

The defect ought to be resolved in the typical course of development exercises. It can hold up until a new build or version is developed.

  • Low:

The defect is an aggravation which ought to be repaired, however repair can be conceded until after more genuine defect has been fixed.

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2. Severity:

It is the degree to which the defect can influence the software. At the end of the day it characterizes the effect that a given defect has on the deliverables. For instance: If an application or site page crashes when a remote link is clicked on, for this situation clicking the remote link by an user is rare yet the effect of application crashing is extreme. So the severity is high yet priority is low.

Types of severity:

  • Critical:

The defect that leads to the termination of the total system or at least one segment of the system and causes broad corruption of the data. The fizzled function is unusable and there is no worthy option strategy to accomplish the required outcomes then the severity will be said to be critical.

  • Major:

The defect that leads to the shut down of the total system or at least one part of the system and causes extreme corruption of the data. The fizzled function is unusable yet there exists an adequate option strategy to accomplish the required outcomes then the severity will be assigned as major.

  • Moderate:

The defect that does not bring about the closure, but rather makes the system create erroneous, fragmented or conflicting outcomes then the severity will be expressed as moderate.

  • Minor:

The defect that does not bring about the closure and does not harm the ease of use of the system and the coveted results can be effectively gotten by working around the defects then the severity is said to be as a minor one.

  • Cosmetic:

The defect that is identified with the upgrade of the system where the progressions are identified with the look and field of the application then the severity is expressed as a cosmetic one.

Thus we saw the points of differences between severity and priority. For more details on this, a software testing institute in Pune would be of great help.

Exploratory Testing And It’s Application’s

Let us discuss today, a lesser known form of testing i.e. exploratory testing. It forms a part of the software testing process. Exploratory testing is not given much emphasis in majority of the testing classes in Pune. The reason could be not much use of it in the industry. Best institute for software testing in Pune is the place where you can get trained on software testing.

Moving on to exploratory testing, as its name infers, exploratory testing is about investigating, getting some answers concerning the software, what it does, what it doesn’t do, what works and what doesn’t work. The tester is continually settling on choices about what to test next and where to invest the (limited) time.

This is an approach that is most valuable when there are no or poor details and when time is extremely restricted.

Characteristics of exploratory testing:

  • Exploratory testing is a hands-on approach where testers are involved in minimum amount of planning and maximum level of test execution.

  • Test logging is embraced as test execution is performed, documentation of the key parts of what is tested, any defects discovered and any contemplations about conceivable further testing.

  • The test design and test execution exercises are performed in parallel normally without formally reporting the test conditions, test cases or test scripts. This does not imply that other, more formal testing procedures won’t be utilized. For instance, the tester may choose to use BVA yet will thoroughly consider and test the most essential limit values without fundamentally writing them down. A few notes will be written amid the exploratory-testing session, so that a report can be created thereafter.

  • The planning includes the formation of a test sanction, a short revelation of the scope of a short (1 to 2 hour) time-boxed test effort, the goals and conceivable ways to deal with be utilized.

  • It can likewise serve to complement one other, more formal testing, setting up more prominent trust in the software. Along these lines, exploratory testing can be utilized as a check on the formal test process by guaranteeing that the most genuine defects have been discovered.

  • Exploratory testing is portrayed in [Kaner, 2002] and [Copeland, 2003] Other methods for testing in an exploratory way (‘attacks’) are depicted in [Whittaker, 2002].

These were a few characteristics of exploratory testing. For training and placement in the field of software testing, opt for a software testing course in Pune with placement.

Pros of exploratory testing:

  • After introductory testing, most bugs are found by some kind of exploratory testing. This can be shown legitimately by expressing that programs that pass certain tests tend to keep on passing similar tests and will probably fail different tests or situations that are yet to be investigated.

  • Less planning is required, vital bugs are discovered quickly, and the approach has a tendency to be more mentally stimulating to execute than scripted tests.

  • Testers can utilize deductive thinking in light of past outcomes to manage their future testing on-the-fly. They don’t need to finish a present arrangement of scripted tests before concentrating in on or proceeding onward to investigating a more target rich environment. This likewise quickens bug recognition when utilized shrewdly.

Cons of exploratory testing:

  • Free-form exploratory testing ideas, when returned to, are probably not going to be performed in the very same way. This can be an advantage in the event that it is vital to discover new errors or a con in the event that it is more essential to repeat particular details of the prior tests. This can be controlled with particular instructions to the tester or by creating automated tests where doable, suitable, and vital (and preferably as near the unit level as could be expected under the circumstances).

  • Tests created and performed on-the-fly can’t be surveyed ahead of time and along these lines avoid errors in code and the test cases. It can be hard to demonstrate precisely which tests have been run.

This was regarding exploratory testing. Hope that the article turned out to be informative for you. For getting a job in software testing, be a trained professional with the help of testing courses in Pune.

Portability Testing In QA

Here is yet another concept from software testing. It is called as portability testing. We are going to study about the same, in this article. Search for testing courses in Pune, to get the right kind of training in this field. It would help you in the long run. Testing classes in Pune, conduct such courses.

Now, let’s focus our attention on portability testing.

Portability testing alludes to the process of testing the straightforwardness with which a computer based software module or application can be shifted from one environment to the second, e.g. transferring of any application from Windows 2000 to Windows 10. This is normally measured as far as the most extreme measure of effort is allowed. Results are measured with respect to the time required to move the software and complete the and documentation related updates.

Having the capacity to switch software starting with one machine platform then onto the next either at first or from a current environment. It alludes to system software or application programming that can be recompiled for an alternate platform or to software that is accessible for at least two unique environments.

The repetitive and incremental development cycle infers that portability testing is frequently performed in a repetitive and incremental way.

Portability testing needs to be automated if optimum regression testing is to take place. To know more about regression testing, take admission to a software testing course in Pune.

Tests that are a part of portability testing:

  • Adaptability:

Adaptability is the ability of the software to be adjusted to various determined conditions without applying actions or means other than those accommodated for this reason for the system.

  • Installability:

Installability testing is carried out on the product used to install other softwares on its objective environment.

  • Replaceability:

Replaceability is the ability of the software to be utilized as a part of place of another predefined product for a similar reason in a similar environment.

  • Compatibility:

Concurrence is the software product’s ability to exist together with other autonomous software products in typical situations sharing common assets.

Illustrations of portability testing of an application that happens to be portable across a number of:

  • Operating systems (implies service packs and versions).

  • Browsers(that includes types and versions both).

  • Hardware related platforms( that includes servers, clients, input devices, output devices and network connecting devices).

Portability testing objectives:

  • Validate the system on a partial basis (i.e., to figure out whether it satisfies its portability prerequisites):

– Figure out whether the system can be ported to each of its related environments :

– Disk space and hardware RAM.

– Processor speed and hardware.

– Resolution of the monitor.

– Operating system version and make.

– Browser type and version.

– Figure out whether the look and feel of the site pages is comparative and functional in the different browser sorts and their variants.

  • Cause disappointments concerning the portability prerequisites that help distinguish defects that are not proficiently found amid unit and integration testing.

  • Report these defects to the development teams so that the related failures can be resolved.

  • Help decide the degree to which the system is prepared for a release.

  • Help provide project status metrics (e.g., amount of use case paths effectively tried and tested).

  • Give contribution to the defect trend investigation effort.

Thus we saw some details related to portability testing. Hope that you have got a fair bit of idea regarding portability testing.

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Software Testing: Understanding Structural Testing

Structural testing is very much a part of software testing. In this article, we will be seeing the concept of structural testing. We will thus come to know as to what is testing of software structure/architecture. What is the need of it? Etc…A software testing course in Pune with placement, will help you to get a software testing job in Pune.

Moving on with structural testing; structural testing is the testing of the structure of the software system or the individual component. Testing is frequently alluded to as ‘white box’ or ‘glass box’ or ‘clear-box testing’ on the grounds that in this kind of testing we are keen on what is going on ‘inside the application/system’.

Highlights of structural testing:

  • In case of structural testing, the testers are needed to have the information of the inside application of the code. Over here, the testers are needed to have the knowledge of how the software is executed, how it functions.

  • Structural testing can be implemented at all levels of testing. Developers utilize structural testing in case of module testing and module integration testing, particularly where there is great tool support in terms of code coverage. Structural testing is additionally utilized as a part of system and acceptance testing, yet the structures are distinctive. For instance, the scope of menu options or real business exchanges could be the structural component in the system or acceptance testing.

  • Amid structural testing the tester is focusing on how the product does it. For instance, a structural technique needs to know how the loops in the software product are functioning. Distinctive test cases might be inferred to execute the loop one time, two times and many times. This might be done paying little heed to the functionality of the software product or application.

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Techniques of structural testing:

  • Path coverage:

This technique is concerned with testing all feasible paths which implies, each statement and branch is covered.

  • Branch coverage:

This technique involves execution of a battery of tests to make sure that all branches are tested at least once.

  • Statement coverage:

The aim here is to cover all the programming statements with minimum number of tests.

Structural testing is more dedicated towards how the system does it as opposed to the functionality of the system. It gives more coverage to the testing. E.g. to test a particular error message in an application, we have to test the trigger condition behind it, however, there must be many triggers behind its occurrence. It is conceivable to miss out a great opportunity one while testing the requirements drafted in SRS. Be that as it may, utilizing this testing, the trigger is well on the way to be covered since structural testing means to cover every one of the nodes and paths in the structure of the code.

Advantages:

  • Implementation reasoning needs to be careful on the part of the test developer.

  • Helps extract errors from within the “hidden” code.

  • Helps in pointing out dead code or other such problems keeping in mind the best programming practices.

Disadvantages:

  • Chances of overseeing a few lines of code by accident.

  • Proves to be costly both because of the time required and the amount of money spent in order to perform white box testing.

  • As white box testing is involved, having detailed knowledge of the programming language is absolutely necessary.

These were a few things about structural testing, which we saw above. Software testing training in Pune can help you to begin a career in this very field.

Maintainability Testing and It’s Significance!

Maintainability testing even though sidelined in majority of the cases, or given lesser priority as compared to other kinds of testing, holds quite a lot of significance in the entire testing process.

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For now, lets get to understanding the concept of Maintainability testing at the basic level. This will give you a general idea of the concept.

Maintainability testing is the parameter to show how easy is it, to maintain the system. This implies how easy is to analyze, alter and test the application or the product under consideration.

Maintainability testing is the capacity of the product/system to promptly experience any sorts of changes, to upgrade it, keeping in mind the end goal to meet the prerequisites. It is the level of measuring the software or system potential to experience changes, to meet the requirements. These prerequisites may incorporate

  • Resolving defects or errors.

  • Extra functionality.

  • Adjusting to the changing environment.

  • Prevention of unexpected failures,

  • Maintenance in the future and so forth.

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Maintainability testing would make use of a model of the maintainability necessities of the product/system. The maintainability testing might be determined as far as the efforts required to impact a change under each of the accompanying four classes:

  1. Corrective maintenance:

Correcting issues. The maintainability of a system can be measured as far as the time taken to analyze and fix problems recognized inside that system.

  1. Perfective maintenance:

Upgrading. The maintainability of a framework can likewise be measured as far as the efforts taken to make the required upgrades to that system. This can be tested by noting the time taken to accomplish another bit of identifiable functionality, e.g. a change to the database, and so on. Various comparative tests ought to be run and an average time computed. The result will be that it is conceivable to give an average effort required to actualize determined functionality. This can be analyzed against a target effort and an evaluation made in the matter of whether requirements are met.

  1. Adaptive maintenance:

Adjusting to the changes in the environment. The maintainability of a software can likewise be measured in terms of the efforts required to create required adaptations to that system. This can be measured in the way portrayed above for perfective maintainability testing.

  1. Preventive maintenance:

Necessary steps to reduce future maintenance costs. This is in reference to the actions taken to reduce maintenance costs that may arise in future.

Maintainability testing characteristics:

  • Ensures software’s efficiency to experience the alteration procedure, in order to meet the oftentimes changing requirements of the customers or the clients.

  • Useful for the future maintenance of the system or software.

  • A kind of non-functional testing that guarantees the competency of the system or software to acknowledge alterations in it.

  • Guarantees acquiescence of maintainability characteristics like Stability, Analyzability, Testability, Changeability, Maintainability consistence.

  • Maintainability testing and maintenance testing are two distinct sorts of testing.

Significance:

Poor old maintainability, dependably consigned toward the finish of the list of software attributes, regularly disregarded completely in master test plans, and often not in any case perceived as the root cause when we later get chomped by impacts of poor maintainability. You would opine that more consideration would be paid to this part of software quality, wouldn’t you? All things considered, there is proof that maintenance related tasks can represent up to 80 percent of the efforts spent on an application, ranging over its whole life cycle. Actually, one ought to expect that most by far of the software product’s life cycle is spent in the maintenance stage.

Hope that you got a feel of Maintainability Testing after reading this article. Join the best software testing institute in Pune and kick start a career in software testing.

Beta Testing and It’s Importance

The last time around, we saw a few things related to alpha testing. In this article, we will take a look at the concept of Beta testing and why is it important from the testing perspective. A software testing course in Pune, covers the concept of Beta testing as a part of its curriculum. For now, we will have a general idea about beta testing.

Beta Testing is otherwise called as field testing. It is conducted at the client’s end. It sends the software/system to the clients or the end users who go ahead with the installation and utilize it under real-time environment.

Features of Beta testing:

  • The main objective of beta testing is to put your application in the hands of genuine users outside of your own development team to find any defects or issues from the client’s point of view that you would not have any desire to have them in your final release version of the software product, E.g. : Microsoft and numerous different software giants release beta renditions of their software products to be tried and tested by the end users.

  • A beta test happens to be the second stage of software testing that includes a sampling of the target audience tries out the product out. (Beta is placed as the second letter of the Greek alphabet order.) Actually, the term alpha testing implied the first stage of testing in a software development cycle. The first of the phase incorporates unit testing, component testing and system testing. Beta testing can be called as the “pre-release” testing.

Types of Beta versions:

Basically, it can be said that there are two types of beta versions namely open beta and closed beta.

Open beta versions are from a bigger group to the overall population and anybody interested in it. The testers report any bugs that they discover, and at times recommend extra features they think ought to be present in the final release version.

Closed beta variants are released to a select gathering of people for a user end test round and are strictly by invitation.

Benefits of beta testing:

  • The beta testers can find defects with your application that you may have not seen, for example, befuddling application flow, and even system crashes.

  • With the feedback you receive from these beta testing group, you can resolve the issues before it is released to the overall public.

  • You have the chance to get your application tested from the end users before releasing it to the targeted population.

  • End users can install, test your software application, and give the feedback to you amid this beta testing round.

  • Coming up with a higher-quality application when you release it to the target population will expand consumer loyalty towards you.

  • These end users, who are early adopters of your application, will have excitement towards your application.

  • The more number of issues or bugs you resolve that take care of genuine user related problems, the higher the quality of your application when you release it to the general population.

Quality is the fundamental reason behind beta testing as this stage permits the testers and developers to assess the general application experience from users’ perspective. Functional testing ensures every one of the features of your application are working fine and they would execute as per expectations. Developers need to keep up the functionality and quality of their application all the while as once in a while an excessive amount of functionality can hurt the quality and user encounter. The right balance should be maintained.

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