Monthly Archives: September 2016

Understanding Risk Management In Software Testing

There is a risk involved in everything you do. Be it in your personal life or in your professional one. Profession can be anyone, be it engineering, finance, testing etc. Testing projects have their own sets of risks. We are going to look into them in this article. Software testing courses in Pune can make you an expert in this domain.

For now, lets focus our attention on risk management in this domain.

Risk management is an important activity in software testing process. It incorporates the identifying, prioritization/examination and treatment of risks confronted by the business. Risk management is performed at different levels, venture level, program level, company level, industry level and even national or global level. In this article, risk management is comprehended to be done at a project level inside the connection of software testing. Risks emerge from an assortment of points of view like project failure, safety, security, lawful liabilities and non-compliances with directions. A vital thing to comprehend is that risks are potential issues, not yet occurred. An issue that has as of now happened is an issue and is dealt with contrastingly in software test planning. Risk administration in software testing comprises of the accompanying activities:

Identifying the Risks:

Risks are recognized inside the project scope. Risks can be distinguished utilizing various assets e.g. goals, risks in past projects, earlier system knowledge, comprehension of system usage, comprehension of system engineering/design, earlier client bug reports/complaints, venture partners and industry practices. For instance, if certain zones of the system are precarious and those areas are being produced further in the present venture, it ought to be recorded as a risk.

It is good to record the recognized risks in detail with the goal that it stays in project memory and can be unmistakably conveyed to venture partners. Normally risk identification is an iterative procedure. It is essential to return to the risk at whatever point the project goals change or new business situations are recognized. As the venture continues, some new risks show up and some old risks vanish.

Prioritizing Risks:

It is less complex to prioritize risk if the danger is seen precisely. Two measures, Risk Impact and Risk Probability, are connected to every danger. Risk Impact is evaluated in substantial terms (e.g. dollar value) or on a scale (e.g. 10 to 1 or High to Low). Risk Probability is evaluated some place between 0 (no likelihood of event) and 1 (sure to happen) or on a scale (10 to 1 or High to Low). For every risk, the result of Risk Impact and Risk Probability gives the Risk Magnitude. Sorting the Risk Magnitude in slipping request gives a rundown in which the risks at the top are the more genuine risks and should be managed with attention.

Including all the Risk Magnitudes gives a general Risk Index of the project. In the event that the same Risk Prioritization scale is utilized crosswise over projects, it is conceivable to distinguish the more dangerous undertakings by looking at the Risk Magnitudes.

Risk Resolution:

These are the possible treatments of any risk:

  • Prevention:

E.g. there is a risk involved wrt a new component. It’s release can be postponed in order to prevent the risk. But it affects the deadlines.

  • Risk transfer:

In the event that the risk is lacking security testing of the system, it might be conceivable to enlist a particular organization to play out the security testing. Risk Transfer happens when this vendor is considered responsible for abundant security testing of the framework. Risk Transfer builds the project cost.

  • Risk mitigation:

This is a typical risk treatment. The goal of Risk Mitigation is to lessen the Risk Impact or Risk Probability or both. For instance, if the testing team is new and does not have earlier system knowledge, a risk mitigation treatment might be to have a proficient colleague join the group to prepare others on-the-fly. Risk Mitigation likewise builds the venture cost.

  • Risk acceptance:

Any risk not treated by any earlier medicines must be acknowledged. This happens when there is no practical relief accessible because of reasons, for example, cost. For instance, if the test environment has one and only server, risk acceptance implies not fabricating another server. In the event that the current server crashes, there will be down-time and it will be a main problem in the project.

These were the various activities related to risk management. To get a job in software testing, join a software testing course in Pune with placement. Software courses in Pune, is also what you can look for.

To learn this with practical implementation and get a job, join a software testing course in Pune, with placement.

The software Testing review by CRB Tech Solutions will help and guide you in obtaining your Software Testing career.

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A Detailed Look At White Box Testing

A Detailed Look At White Box Testing.In this blog, we are going to see the concept of white box testing. It happens to be one of the important concepts in software testing, and you need to know it. After reading this blog, you will get a fair bit of idea regarding the topic. For a better feel of the concept, a best software testing institute in Pune, is the place for you.


White Box Testing is the testing of a software product’s back end coding and infrastructure. It concentrates essentially on fortifying security, the stream of data inputs and outputs through the application, and enhancing design and usability. White box testing is otherwise called clear box testing, open box testing, rationale driven testing or path determined testing or structural testing and glass box testing.

The testing is feasible at system, unit and integration levels of software development. One of the essential objectives of whitebox testing is to check a working stream for an application. It includes testing a progression of pre-decided inputs against expected outputs so that when a particular input does not bring about the expected yield, you have come across a bug.

Executing White Box testing:

  1. Understanding source code:

The primary thing a tester will frequently do is learn and comprehend the source code of the application. Since white box testing includes the testing of the internal workings of an application, the tester must be exceptionally skilled in the programming languages utilized as a part of the applications they are testing. Additionally, the testing individual must be exceptionally mindful of secure coding hones. Security is frequently one of the essential targets of testing a software. The tester ought to have the capacity to discover security issues and keep attacks from hackers and gullible users who may infuse malevolent code into the application either purposely or unwittingly.

  1. Write test cases and run them:

The second essential stride to white box testing consists of testing the application’s source code for appropriate structure and flow. One path is by developing additional code to test the application’s source code. The tester will develop small tests for every process or structure of procedures in the application. This technique requires that the tester must have knowledge of the code and is frequently done by the developer. Different techniques incorporate manual testing, trial testing and the utilization of testing tools as we will clarify further on in this article.

Techniques of White Box Testing:

A noteworthy White box testing technique is Code Coverage examination. Code Coverage analysis, takes out loopholes in a test case suite. It distinguishes areas of a system that are not practiced by an arrangement of test cases. Once crevices are recognized, you develop test cases to confirm untested chunks of code, along these lines increase the nature of the product item

There are tools accessible to perform Code coverage analysis. The following are a couple of scope analysis methods:

Statement Coverage method requires each conceivable statement in the code to be tested in any event once, amid the testing process. Branch Coverage – This method checks each conceivable way (if-else and other conditional loops) of a software application. Tools: TCAT-PATH is one tool useful for C, Java based applications.

These two coverages cover almost 90% of your code which is more than enough.

White Box Testing types:

Here are some of the types of white box testing:

  1. Unit testing:

Unit testing is basically done by the developer. As a product developer, you build up a couple lines of code, a solitary function or an object and test it to ensure it works before proceeding

Unit testing recognizes larger part of bugs, right on time in the product development lifecycle. Bugs recognized in this stage are less expensive and simple to fix.

  1. Penetration testing:

In this testing, the developer/tester has full data of the application’s source code, itemized system data, IP addresses included and all server data the application keeps running on. The point is to assault the code from a few edges to uncover security threats.

Others include testing memory leaks, mutation testing etc.

White box testing can be very intricate. The complex nature involved has a considerable measure to do with the application being tested. A small application that plays out a solitary basic operation could be white box tested in couple of minutes, while bigger programming applications take days, weeks and much more to completely test.

To learn this with practical implementation and get a job, join a software testing course in Pune, with placement.

The software Testing review by CRB Tech Solutions will help and guide you in obtaining your Software Testing career.

More Related Blog:-

What Is The Correct Time To Begin Testing ?

Parameters For Testing A Web Application.

What Is The Correct Time To Begin Testing ?

What Is The Correct Time To Begin Testing ? Today, we will answer this question through this blog. For learning software testing, take admission to a software testing course in Pune. This would help you to land a job in a reputed company.

This is a question which everyone asks. At least if you are a tester by profession, you should know the answer to this question. That is the least thing expected of you.

Testing is now and again inaccurately thought as an afterward action; performed in the wake of writing code for a product. Rather, testing ought to be performed at each development phase of the product. Test data sets must be determined and their accuracy and consistency ought to be checked all through the development procedure. In the event that we partition the lifecycle of programming advancement into “Requirements Analysis”, “Design”, “Programming/Construction” and “Operation and Maintenance”, then testing ought to go with each of the above stages. On the off chance that testing is detached as a solitary stage late in the cycle, errors in the problem statement or design may bring about over the top expenses. Must the first blunder be revised, as well as the whole structure based upon it should likewise be changed. In this way, testing ought not be separated as an assessment movement. Or maybe testing ought to be required all through the SDLC so as to draw out a quality product.

Now we will see the testing activities that should be carried out in each phase:

  1. Requirements:

The accompanying test exercises ought to be performed amid this stage.

Invest in examination toward the start of the task – Having a clear cut, succinct and formal articulation of the prerequisites encourages programming, correspondence, blunder investigation and test data generation.

The necessities proclamation ought to record the accompanying data and choices:

1. Program function – What the system must do?

2. The form, format, data types and units for input.

3. The format, forms, data types and units for yield.

4. How exceptions, mistakes and deviations are to be taken care of.

5. For exploratory calculations, the numerical technique or if nothing else the required exactness of the arrangement.

6. The hardware/software environment required or accepted (e.g. the machine, the O.S., and the implementation language).

  1. Design:

Here the testing exercises ought to comprise of:

• Analysis of design to check its culmination and consistency – the aggregate procedure ought to be dissected to establish that no steps or unique cases have been neglected. Inward interfaces, I/O taking care of and data structures ought to uncommonly be checked for irregularities.

• Analysis of design to check whether it fulfills the prerequisites – check whether both necessities and configuration record contain the same form, format, units utilized for input and yield furthermore that all capacities recorded in the necessity archive have been incorporated into the outline report. Chosen test data which is created amid the necessities examination stage ought to be physically reenacted to figure out if the design will yield the normal qualities.

• Generation of test data in light of the configuration – The tests produced ought to cover the structure and in addition the inside elements of the outline like the information structures, calculation, capacities, heuristics and general project structure and so forth. Standard great and uncommon qualities ought to be incorporated and expected yield ought to be recorded in the test data.

• Reexamination and refinement of the test data set created at the requirements analysis stage.

  1. Coding:

Here the primary testing focuses are:

• Check the code for consistency with configuration – the territories to check incorporate secluded structure, module interfaces, information structures, capacities, calculations and I/O taking care of.

• Perform the Testing procedure in a composed and efficient way with trials dated, clarified and spared. An arrangement or calendar can be utilized as an agenda to help the software engineer sort out testing endeavors. In the event that errors are found and changes made to the system, all tests including the mistaken section (counting those which brought about achievement beforehand) should be rerun and recorded.

These are just a couple of major ones. There are others as well in this phase.

  1. Maintenance:

Rectifications, alterations and augmentations will undoubtedly happen notwithstanding for little projects and testing is required each time there is a change. Testing amid maintenance is named relapse testing. The test set, the test plan, and the test results for the original program ought to exist. Alterations must be rolled out to suit the system improvements, and afterward all parts of the project influenced by the adjustments must be re-tried. After relapse testing is finished, the system and test documentation must be overhauled to mirror the progressions.

Hope this blog will be useful for all the testers. For getting knowledge of testing, join a software testing institute in Pune.

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Parameters For Testing A Web Application

Parameters For Testing A Web Application.Today we are going to see how a web application needs to be tested. What are the various parameters that need to be considered. Web application testing is a specialized area of testing; which can be learnt by going to a software testing institute in Pune and undertaking a software testing course in Pune.

While testing the web applications, one ought to consider the beneath said agenda. The underneath said agenda is verging on relevant for a wide range of web applications relying upon the business prerequisites.

  • Usability testing

  • Functional testing

  • Compatibility testing

  • Database testing

  • Security testing and

  • Performance testing

Let’s check them out one by one:

1. Usability testing:

  • Usability testing is only the user compatibility check.

  • In Usability testing, the application stream is tried so that another client can comprehend the application effortlessly.

  • Essentially, navigation route is checked in Usability testing.


A Usability test builds up the convenience and adequacy of a product utilizing a standard Usability test practices.

2. Functional testing:

Testing the modules and functional behavior of a product to guarantee they meet to its determinations.

Testing that overlooks the inward mechanism of a system or module and concentrates exclusively on the output generated in light of chosen inputs and execution conditions.


The objective of Functional testing is to confirm whether your web application meets the proposed specifications mentioned in your SRS document.

3. Compatibility testing:

Compatibility testing is utilized to figure out whether your product is compatible with different components of a system with which it ought to work, e.g. Browsers, Operating Systems, or hardware components.


The reason behind compatibility testing is to assess how well software performs in a specific browser, Operating Systems, software or hardware.

Tools: gives access to a large number of utilization (Browsers) with no installations. This tool helps you to test your application on various browsers on one single machine.

4. Database testing:

In Database testing backend records are tested which have been embedded through the web or desktop applications. The data which is showing in the web application ought to coordinate with the data put away in the Database.

During database testing, following points need to be considered:

  • The tester ought to comprehend the functional necessities, business rationale, application flow and database design altogether.

  • The tester ought to make sense of the tables, triggers, store procedures, perspectives and cursors utilized for the application.

  • The tester ought to comprehend the rationale of the triggers, store methods, perspectives and cursors made.

  • The tester ought to make sense of the tables which get influenced when addition overhaul and delete (DML) operations are performed through the web or desktop applications.

With the assistance of the previously mentioned focuses, the tester can without much of a stretch compose the test situations for Database testing.

5. Security testing:

Security Testing includes the test to recognize any imperfections and holes from a security perspective.


This is an important type of testing and cannot be overlooked. It helps to ensure that the system is not prone to penetration. It is protected from the outside attacks like hackers, viruses etc.

6. Performance testing:

Performance testing is led to assess the consistence of a system or part with determined execution necessities.

How to carry out performance testing?

Basically, it is unrealistic to do the performance testing manually on account of a few disadvantages like:

  • Excess of resources will be required.

  • Concurrent activities are not possible.

  • Appropriate system monitoring is not feasible.

  • Difficult to play out the repetitive tasks.

Therefore, to overcome these challenges, automation is the answer. For that, you would need to use various tools like:

  • Load Runner

  • WAPT

  • NEO LOAD etc.

This was about the various aspects that need to be taken into consideration while testing a web application.

Get yourself well acquainted with these concepts, to get a software testing job in Pune.

The software Testing review by CRB Tech Solutions will help and guide you in obtaining your Software Testing career.

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A Few Things About Negative Testing

A Few Things About Negative Testing.Let’s check out what is Negative testing, in this blog. It is an important part of software testing. To learn more of software testing, opt for a software testing course in Pune. Choose such a course that would provide you with a software testing job in Pune.

What is the concept?

By simply doing positive testing, can just ensure our system is working in ordinary conditions, which won’t guarantee the system is 100% bug free. We need to ensure that our system can deal with abnormal conditions. Testing our system with these least expected conditions is called Negative Testing.

Unforeseen conditions can be anything from a wrong data type to a solid hacking assault. So ensuring that the system can deal with such circumstance exceptionally well when they really confront them.

Importance of negative testing:

Since testing is time and cost devouring undertaking, choosing ‘what’, “how” and ‘the amount’ to test is truly imperative. We need to pick admirably whether we need to do negative testing in our system or not. So how about we observe on the significance of negative testing.

Client’s objective:

Customers dependably expect non-vulnerable products, with a specific end goal to guarantee that negative testing is an unquestionable requirement.

On the off chance that it is a critical product like e-commerce, online stock, and so on., then security and negative testing is an unquestionable requirement.

The main worry to the customer in regards to negative testing is that the expense. Be that as it may, once the effect is examined it is up to the customer to choose whether to do or not negative testing.

Organization’s objective:

It is the duty of the company to give great quality product to its customer. To accomplish this, one needs to do negative testing. As a piece of affirmation against a failure, an association need to do negative testing.

The imapct is one variable which we need to consider. Consider we have done positive testing on an e-business site and ensure all is well. Be that as it may, imagine a scenario where there is a loophole in our system that somebody can do SQL injection and delete every one of our data. That will be an extraordinary security breach. To maintain a strategic distance from this kind of cases, one needs to do negative testing as well.

Possibly we can’t develop a 100% error free system, however we need to ensure that we have done everything to prevent a disappointment, with a specific end goal to accomplish that we ought to do negative testing.

How to carry out negative testing?

To do negative testing, we need to consider all the conceivable cases. That is, if it is possible, we need to consider it in the test case regardless of whether it is not the correct approach to utilize it. For instance, in the event that we see an email field, consider every conceivable inputs we can put there other than right email format. Same way, when we see an image upload option, we need to test it with every single conceivable files.

While creating negative test cases, we need to organize the inputs generally, there will be a great deal of cases conceivable. For instance, for an image field where just “.png” files should enter we can have a considerable measure of alternatives to transfer like ‘jpeg’, ‘xml’, ‘xls’, and so on.. So we have to organize the alternatives like xml and SQL can have more prominent effect than that of jpeg and xls so we ought to deal with SQL and XML cases first. Like this, we need to organize the cases before execution to spare time and testing cost.

These were a few things about negative testing which we just saw. To know more details regarding the same, join a course in a well known software testing institute in Pune.

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Understating The Concept Of Load Testing In Software Testing

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Understanding The Concept Of Load Testing In Software Testing

CRB Tech reviews will focus on the concept of load testing, in this blog. To learn more about load testing, performance testing and other kinds of testing, enroll for a software testing course in Pune. It would teach you these concepts in great detail.


Load testing is the way towards subjecting a PC, server, peripheral system or application to a work level drawing closer to the limits. Load testing should be possible under controlled lab conditions to compare about the abilities of various systems or to precisely quantify the capacities of a solitary framework. Load testing should likewise be possible in the field to get a subjective idea of how well a system works in the “real life”.

Some Features Of Load Testing:

  • It distinguishes the maximum working limit of an application and in addition any bottlenecks and figure out which component is bringing about failure. E.g. On the off chance that the amount of users are increasing then the amount of CPU, memory will be devoured, what is the system and data response time.

  • Load testing includes mimicking genuine user load for the objective application. It helps you decide how your application carries on when different users hits it at the same time.

  • Load testing is a kind of non-functional testing.

  • A load test is kind of software testing which is directed to comprehend the conduct of the application under a particular expected load.

  • Load testing is performed to decide a system’s conduct under both ordinary and at top conditions.

  • Load testing varies from stress testing, which assesses the degree to which a system continues working when subjected to compelling work loads or when some of its hardware or software has been traded off.

  • The essential objective of load testing is to characterize the most extreme measure of work a system can deal with without critical execution debasement.

Some Illustrations Of Load Testing Include:

  • Appointing numerous jobs to a printer in queue.

  • Subjecting a server to a lot of traffic.

  • Composing and perusing information to and from a hard disk consistently.

  • Downloading a progression of expansive documents from the web.

  • Running different applications on a PC or server at the same time.

Load testing happens to be a part of a broad category called performance testing. Load testing can be carried out in two ways. Longevity testing, likewise called endurance testing, assesses a framework’s capacity to handle a steady, direct work load for quite a while. Volume testing, then again, subjects a system to a substantial work load temporarily. Either approach makes it conceivable to pinpoint bottlenecks, bugs and part impediments. For instance, a PC may have a quick processor yet a constrained measure of RAM (irregular access memory). Load testing can give the client a general thought of what number of utilizations or procedures can be run at the same time while keeping up the evaluated level of execution.

Load testing varies from stress testing, which assesses the degree to which a system continues working when subjected to compelling work loads or when some of its equipment or programming has been traded off. The essential objective of load testing is to characterize the most extreme measure of work a system can deal without noteworthy execution debasement.

A definitive motivation behind load testing tools—and performance testing tools when all is said in done—are dependably to mitigate risk, be it danger to your product’s effective usefulness, risks to your end-clients’ rational soundness, or risk to your organization’s primary concern. Actually, every one of the three of these are personally interwoven, so it’s imperative to know how they identify with each other and where you, as a developer or tester, can intercede for more noteworthy benefit. Give us a chance to set out to recommend that on the off chance that you concentrate on alleviating the center creation, user soundness, the other two components will ordinarily become all-good, and that numerous load testing issues really come down, at last, more to clients’ observation than to particular perfect page-load times and other specialized details.

Hope you have got a general idea about load testing. To know more, please take admission into a software testing institute in Pune.

The software Testing review by CRB Tech Solutions will help and guide you in obtaining your Software Testing career.

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