Category Archives: ER-diagram

What Are The Basic Concepts Of ER Diagram?

What Are The Basic Concepts Of ER Diagram?

The ER design describes the conceptual opinion of a data source. It really performs around real-world organizations and the organizations among them. At perspective level, the ER design is regarded a wise decision for developing data source.



An enterprise can be a real-world item, either animate or non-living, that can be recognizable. For example, in a college data source, learners, instructors, sessions, and programs provided can be regarded as organizations. All these organizations have some features or qualities that give them their identification.

An enterprise set is a set of identical kinds of organizations. An organization set may contain organizations with feature discussing identical principles. For example, a Students set may contain all learners of a school; furthermore a Teachers set may contain all the instructors of a college from all ability. Entity places need not be disjoint.


Entities are showed by means of their qualities, known as features. All features have principles. For example, a student enterprise may have name, category, and age as features.

There prevails a sector or variety of principles that can be designated to features. For example, a scholar’s name cannot be a number value. It has to be alphabetic. A scholar’s age cannot be adverse, etc.

Types of Attributes

Easy feature − Easy features are nuclear principles, which cannot be separated further. For example, a scholar’s contact variety is an nuclear value of 10 numbers.

Blend feature − Blend features are made of more than one easy feature. For example, a scholar’s finish name may have first_name and last_name.

Produced feature − Produced features are the features that do not are available in the actual data source, but their principles come from other features existing in the data source. For example, average_salary in a division should not be stored straight in the data source, instead it can be derived. For another example, age can be based on data_of_birth.

Single-value feature − Single-value features contain individual value. For example − Social_Security_Number.

Multi-value feature − Multi-value features may contain more than one principles. For example, a person can have more than one contact variety, email_address, etc.

Entity-Set and Keys

Key is an feature or assortment of features that exclusively recognizes a business among enterprise set.

For example, the roll_number of an individual makes him/her recognizable among learners.

Extremely Key − A set of features (one or more) that jointly recognizes a business in a business set.

Applicant Key − An acceptable super key is called an applicant key. An organization set may have more than one candidate key.

Main Key − A main key is one of the candidate important factors selected by the data source designer to exclusively get the enterprise set. If you want to make your career in DBA then you can join our DBA training institute in Pune.

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