Category Archives: clinical research career

Top 5 Problems With Using Spreadsheets to Collect Clinical Data

Top 5 Problems With Using Spreadsheets to Collect Clinical Data Spreadsheets are very basic of a tool to maintain the increasing complexity of clinical trials. Here we write about 5 reasons to stop using them. For many people Microsoft Excel is a free and familiar tool. Spreadsheets are used for a wide range of projects, but they are far from ideal when it comes to data capture in clinical trials. Originally Excel was not created to build case report forms (CRFs) or to verify patient data that is collected in clinical trials. In spite of the technological advances in software solutions, many organizations still opt using spreadsheets. Here are five problems with using spreadsheets to collect and store data from clinical trials.

1. Lack of compliance.

If you submit your clinical trial data to the FDA, there are a number of regulatory requirements to meet such as 21 CFR Part 11. One necessary aspect is traceability of any and all the changes that are made to data. In an electronic data capture (EDC) system this is possible with audit trail functionality. If someone make changes of values in a spreadsheet, the history of who created the change, the date and time the change was made, the entered old and new values , and the reason why the change was made are not available. You simply cannot trust something that you cannot track.

CDM

2.Data is not secure.

Spreadsheets have quite a limited permission controls when it comes to confining access for multiple users. This lack of protection can lead to data manipulation, which compromises the data integrity. There are also concerns with limited storage and electronic signatures.

3. Errors are not noticed.

Though you can use basic data validation in Excel with various formulas, data entry errors can still easily go unseen. There are different types of data errors in addition to misplaced, lost, or omitted data. Even though utilizing Excel usually saves time up front because the staff uses the program and therefore do not need to be trained, a certain amount of time can be wasted on consolidating files and checking for errors.

4. No central location for forms and data.

Spreadsheets are difficult to locate if they are saved to several files and folders. Often times important data is scattered and multiple copies of a document are created. If you’re still using spreadsheets. An EDC system organizes and houses a central repository of forms, permitting them to be reused across multiple protocols. This eliminates the need to recreate commonly used forms.

5.Inefficient work-flows.

Spreadsheets are not sophisticated enough to manage clinical data and can disrupt natural work-flows. Recreating newer versions of a form can happen often in clinical research, which isn’t easy to deploy in spreadsheet format. Similarly, there is no efficient way to resolve queries using spreadsheets. An EDC system is developed to have a very logical flow for everything from form creation to query management. It also thins communication between monitors, data managers, and coordinators.

Spreadsheets are used in almost every discipline. While they can provide enough functionality for certain tasks, they don’t have the technical controls in place to collect, store, and verify clinical data.

In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a good name. Its well known in providing the best training in Clinical Research.

Clinical research jobs in Pune are increasing and to meet the increasing requirement of the proficient candidates , you should consider enhancing yourself with our clinical research training institute.

The Clinical Research review by CRB Tech Solutions will guide you in considering a clinical research career in this field.

Related Posts:

1) Data entry for a clinical research
2) What is the Overview of Clinical Data Management?

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Apple Plans Transform HealthKit From Tracker To Diagnosis Tool

Apple Plans Transform HealthKit From Tracker to Diagnosis Tool

Till date Apple’s HealthKit has mostly collected fitness data from its devices. In the future, if the company finds its way, the software will interpret that information, converting it into advice for users, doctors and others.

Many health care experts hired by Apple in recent years are designing enhanced electronic health record software that can well analyze and understand the implications of patient data.

The iPhone manufacturer is even working on new apps for the Apple Watch. It can track users’ sleep patterns. Another app focusses on fitness levels by calculating the time taken for the heart rate to fall from its peak to resting level. Apple already has an app that measures heart rate, but yet don’t interpret them.

The ultimate goal of Apple’s health care technology team is to turn HealthKit into a tool that improves diagnoses. The system could do away two problems that plague the field of clinical research and have stumped other specialist firms in the field.

Chief Executive Officer Tim Cook wants Apple to act more in improving software and services to secure new sources of economy and make customers more dependent on the company’s devices.

In early this year, Apple bought Gliimpse Inc., a startup that build software to pull electronic health records from different databases and in different formats and finally store them in one place.

He equated the product to Apple’s music business. That negan with the iPod, but as more people became habituated to storing all their music files digitally, Apple united all music lovers in a single platform on top of the device.

Apple health software might become a revenue driver, too, by keeping people intrigued to the company’s equipments. If a patient’s health records, and related suggestions, are reachable through Apple’s system, it would be difficult to trade in an iPhone for a smartphone running Google’s Android OS, and its health-tracking software Google Fit.

The second module of Apple’s Watch has a built-in GPS tracker, faster processor and is water resistant and many people can run, swim and do other exercise with the device. The upgraded Watch software, dubbed watchOS 3, puts health tracking information more prominently in the user interface, and adds a breathing during exercise app as well as tracking during swimming.

Building more sensors into the Watch serves a limited purpose. The accelerometer can generate most of the useful data needed to monitor a person’s well-being. A glucometer or blood-pressure sensor would only help a small percentage of users, the person said.

Scott Jenkins, said that Apple is working hard with many of these large institutions to produce tools that are medically significant, to take data from sensors.

Stephen Friend, a Merck & Co. veteran who founded health data non-profit Sage Bionetworks, is honored with being the brains behind ResearchKit. He joined Apple as full-time employee in June after working as a consultant for more than two years.

Yoky Matsuoka, formerly technology chief at Google’s Nest Labs unit, joined Apple’s health team last year. Nest mostly known as a hardware specialist, but Matsuoka head the development of software that interpreted and learned from data that its internet-connected thermostats collect.

Apple’s greatest obstacle for now is proving to medical professionals that data delivered from wearables through HealthKit and ResearchKit is reliable.

In the competition of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions developed a big name. Its better known in providing the best training in Clinical Research.

Clinical research jobs are increasing and to meet the increasing requirement of the peofecient professionals , you should consider improving yourself with our clinical research training program.

The Clinical Research review by CRB Tech Solutions will guide you in considering a clinical research career in this field.

Related Topics:

1) Top 10 Clinical Research Companies in Pune

2) Clinical Research Organization

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Impact of GST on Pharma Industry

Impact of GST on Pharma Industry 

The news is that finally the long-awaited Goods and Service Tax Bill (GST Bill ) has overcome the hurdles of both the houses in parliament. A turning point it is for the country because it will not only make the method of taxation easy to understand but also lessen the malpractices that have been prevalent due to obscurity and confusion of tax norms.

The GST regime is supposed to bring a great boost to the pharma industry by making the supply chain management efficient and lessening the cost of manufacturing pharmaceutical products. The reduction in the costs will be of added value to the profit margins which is a good thing for the manufacturers.

As the bill has gone through various rounds of discussions and it was under consideration for more than two years, it is obvious that it has come out as the well planned bill and now the government is determined to make it a success by taking all the necessary ways. Now the constitutional difficulties are issue of the past, and the corporate world is gearing for understanding the possible effect of GST on the business.

What all will be included in GST?

Though the basic objective of implementing GST is to about eliminate the long list of taxes and levies. It is a route towards easy and manageable tax liabilities. GST is expected to lessen following tax burdens at the state and central levels.

Central level taxes

Service tax,countervailing duty, central excise duty, additional excise duties, special additional duties of customs, and excise duties under the medicinal and toilet preparations Act of 1955 will get abolished by the new system. Also, extra charges on the supply of services and goods will also get removed.

State level taxes

CST, Entry tax, purchase tax , sales Tax and VT at the state level,luxury tax, State level entertainment tax, taxes on lottery and gamble will be included under the GST head. Also, surcharges on the supply of goods and services at the state level will also get abolished.

Specific impact on the pharma industry :

  • Under current system, specific API or life-saving drugs has the benefit of non-levy of excise duty if they are included under some specific notification of the Central Excise Law. Now the Central Excise Duty will get merged in GST, and hese life-saving drugs will gain the Tax-Free status. The previous goods will also enjoy exemption from IGST in case they are imported.
  • Even it will be quite interesting to know about the translation of the collection of credits when GST is applicable. Since pharma companies give a high stack into it, the impact will be wholesome.
  • In the existing model of Indirect Tax law, supplies made to a loan licensee enjoy exemption from VAT. It is important that the industrialists get the clarity about the situation post-GST implementation. Also, currently there is no service tax on the processing charge paid to the loan licensee because the process comes under “manufacturing process”.
  • Though the proposed bill says that the existing advantages will be continued, it is very much crucial that business owners make the situation clear.

In the race of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions has created a big name. Its well known in offering the best training in Clinical Research.

Clinical research jobs are rapidly increasing and to meet the increasing demand of efficient professionals , you should consider optimizing yourself with our clinical research institute.

Clinical Research review by CRB Tech Solutions will help you in considering a clinical research career in this field.

Related Topics:

1) Top 10 Clinical Research Companies in Pune

2) Clinical Research Organization

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Digital Health

With digitalization is its development, the field of clinical research introduces a new word to the list. Yes we are talking about Digital health which is the way by which digital and genomic revolutions converging with healthcare and society. Digital health is enabling people to a better track and improve their own and family’s health, live a better life, more productive lives and improve the society.

Now what is the scope of digital health? It has a broad scope that includes health information technology (IT), mobile health (mHealth), wearable devices, telemedicine and telehealth and also personalized medicine.

Other usage of digital health in their efforts to:

  • Lessen inefficiencies,
  • Enhance access,
  • Lessen costs,
  • Improve quality,
  • Make personalized medicine for patients.

Patients and consumers can use digital health to manage and keep a track of their health and wellness related activities.

The use of technologies such as social networks, smart phones and internet applications is not only changing the way we communicate, but is also providing novel ways for us to supervise our health and well-being and giving us greater access to information.

Why is FDA focusing on Digital Health?

Many medical devices now have the ability to connect to and communicate with other systems or devices . FDA approved devices are are being updated to add digital features. New devices that already have these capabilities are now explored.

Many stakeholders are involved in digital health activities, including patients, researchers, health care practitioners, conventional medical device industry firms, and firms new to FDA regulatory requirements, such as mobile application developers.

FDA’s Center for Devices and Radiological Health is overwhelmed about these developments and the combining of medical devices with connectivity and consumer technology. The following are the topics in the field of digital health on which the FDA has been working to provide clarity using practical approaches that balance benefits and risks:

  • Mobile medical apps
  • Wireless Medical Devices
  • Health IT
  • Telemedicine
  • Medical Device Data Systems
  • Medical device Interoperability
  • Software as a Medical Device (SaMD)
  • General Wellness
  • Cybersecurity

How is the FDA developing Digital Health?

CDRH has established the Digital Health Program which tends to protect and promote public health and provide continuous regulatory clarity by:

  • Encouraging collaborations and increasing outreach to digital health customers.
  • Creating and implementing strategies and policies for digital health technologies.

Federal Trade Commission Mobile Health Apps Interactive Tool

If you are designing a mobile health app that collects, creates, or shares consumer information, click on the button to take you to the tool on Federal Trade Commission’s website to find out when FDA, FTC or Office of Civil Rights (OCR) laws apply:

Genomics and Genetics

According to J. Craig Venter, digital health is basically a DNA-driven software device and there is no difference between digital code and genetic code. Digital code is a binary code: 0, 1. while, genetic code is a four-base code: A, C, G, T. There can be no conversion between the two as well as digitized man, as Topol defines it in expanded terms.

Stay connected for more exciting blogs and articles and increase your knowledge with us.

Are you looking for Clinical research course in Pune, then our CRB Tech Solutions would provide with help and support. Its very popular in offering the best training in Clinical Research.

Clinical research jobs are pacing and to meet the emerging need of efficient professionals , you should consider upskill yourself with our institute of clinical research.

Clinical Research review by CRB Tech Solutions can help you in considering a clinical research career in this field.

1)5 Ways ResearchKit Is Revolutionizing Clinical Research

2)Crowd funding In Clinical Research

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Stem Cells Therapy- A Hope For Parkinson’s Cure

Parkinsosn’s disease affects the middle aged people and what to be known is that exercise in middle age can prevent the occurrence. Many clinical trials are being carried out to find a definite cure to the condition. One among them is stem cells therapy which seems very promising.

In this blog we narrate the ordeal of a 59 year old man who lived with Parkinson’s disease(PD) for 12 years. Ashok Kumar formerly served as a general manager in a private firm, had been leaving an active and productive life until he was diagnosed with PD. This progressive neurological disorder brought his life to a halt and then followed years of futile treatment and he started losing hope. But then his decision of undergoing stem cell therapy for PD turned out to be one of the most favorable decisions of his life.

Talking about his dilemma , Kumar said that he couldn’t stand, sit or walk. He would fall forward and his body suffered from tremors, postural instability and rigidity. When he was at the verge of giving up his hope of recovery, then Plexus Neuro and Stem Cell Research Centre reignited new hope in his life. The stem cell therapy was initiated and within four months his speech, posture, writing ability and body balance improved a lot and he no longer had to take any medications for PD.

Dr Naeem Sadiq, neurologist and director of Plexus Neuro and Stem Cell Research Centre said Kumar is one of the many Parkinson’s patients who have got successfully treated at the center. They have 25 years of clinical experience in treating neurological disorders and provides stem cell therapy for neurological, orthopaedic and psychiatric disorders and several other incurable diseases.

In the early times, medications and certain surgical procedures were the only treatments available for PD. Though medications is less effective in the long-term and might cause side-effects, surgery is not always feasible or goos choice.

In recent years, application of stem cell therapy for treating PD has become a boon for the patients. Stem cells are like mother cells which originate from the developing embryo and differentiate into different types of cells. They are also named progenitor cells as they create new cells. Dr Sadiq said that in stem cell therapy for Parkinson’s disease, stem cells are collected from the patient’s own bone marrow. The cells are isolated and after lab quality analysis, the isolated stem cells are transplanted into the patient’s body. The stem cells migrate to the affected area of the brain, get attached there and transform themselves into healthy tissue and hence replace the damaged cells.

After this procedure the patient is discharged the next day. Regular follow-ups are important and based on the severity of disease, a patient might need subsequent doses of stem cell transplant. In case of Kumar, two doses of stem cell transplant in four months period worked effectively said Dr Sadiq.

Later stages of Parkinson’s are highly debilitating. With the progress of the disease, dopamine producing brain cells get lost in the substantia nigra region of the brain. Dopamine, a brain chemical that plays key role in regulating coordination and movement of the body. Till date, the exact reason behind the loss of dopamine cells in PD is not well clear.

Early detection and timely treatment of PD is crucial for positive treatment outcomes. The general public lacks awareness of PD. The initial stage of PD usually begins as mild tremors on one side of the body which is either neglected by patients or misdiagnosed.

If you are looking for Clinical research course in Pune, then CRB Tech Solutions would provide with proper guidance. Its one of the best in offering training in Clinical Research.

Clinical research jobs are increasing fast and to meet the requirement of efficient professionals , you should consider improving yourself with our institute of clinical research.

This Clinical Research review will help you in considering a clinical research career in the field.

Related Topics:

1)5 Ways ResearchKit Is Revolutionizing Clinical Research

2)Crowd funding In Clinical Research

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Clinical Research For Physiotherapy

Clinical research is quite vital in the field of physiotherapy. Physiotherapists depends on information from researches to enhance the knowledge they have already gained through their university education and with continuous education courses.

Physiotherapists use the method of “evidence-based practice” as the basis for their treatments; based on quality controlled scientific research and clinical reasoning. Clinical research helps the practitioners keep updated with the latest in practice methods. With the knowledge gained from clinical research, the physiotherapists can explain that the methods CR specialists use to treat our patients are based on empirical evidence, peer review and sound clinical reasonings behind every principles.

There is a great deal of clinical research being performed in physiotherapy nowadays as has been the case for many decades. By regularly update of skills and taking on broad new proof based research, physiotherapists are at the cutting edge of developments in the healthcare sector and the physiotherapist have the scientific evidence to support their treatment methods.

As physiotherapists, they treat a wide array of medical conditions :

  • Spinal pain and injuries
  • Headaches
  • Sports injuries
  • Fractures
  • Musculoskeletal problems
  • Post-surgical rehabilitation
  • Biomechanical problems
  • Arthritic conditions
  • Neurological disorders and diseases
  • Cardiothoracic conditions
  • Paediatric conditions

A few to mention!

Physiotherapists are trained in manual therapy which means they are “hands on” with their patients. In addition to their manual skills they sometimes make use of different ways to reduce pain and inflammation including ice, hot packs,TENS, E-stim, laser treatment and ultrasound. Trigger point therapy and acupuncture is widely practiced by physiotherapists. The physiotherapy experts are highly trained in exercise prescription and often give their patients exercises to practice at home to help resolve their conditions.

The profession addresses neurological,orthopedic and cardiopulmonary problems among people of various age range from infants, children, adults and all populations.

Physiotherapy treatment might involve exercise to improve strength,

motion and endurance range and to correct imbalance of posture and muscle , joint mobilization, manipulation and soft tissue massage, as well as stretching and trigger point therapy to reduce stiffness and to relieve pain.

Patients with neurological disorders such as multiple sclerosis, stroke, cerebral palsy, Parkinson’s disease and spinal cord injury that can benefit greatly with physiotherapy methods. Interventions focus on muscle control, recovery of fine and gross motor skills, improve daily function, regaining of strength and flexibility, restoring and improving gait and training in the use of aids of mobility.

Cardiopulmonary conditions respond good to physiotherapy intervention. Patients who have difficulty performing their activities of daily living, or who have problem with shortness of breath and reduced endurance, can achieve improved quality of life through guided training. Intervention includes manual therapy and exercise to help clear congestion in the lungs, counseling about risk factors, patient education to prevent future occurrence and behavior modification. For those patients who have had cardiopulmonary surgery, physiotherapy is initiated at an early stage to prevent the patient from losing strength and function.

So the clinical trials that are ongoing worldwide, would definitely help with many novel techniques that would be more efficient, patient friendly and less time consuming.

Amidst many institutes in Pune, CRB Tech Solutions has created its own niche. Its very popular in giving the best training in Clinical Research. Our clinical research institute has created a name for itself in this field.

Clinical research jobs in Pune are increasing gradually and to meet the emerging need of efficient professionals , you should consider upskill yourself with our clinical courses.

The Clinical Research review by CRB Tech Solutions will help you in considering and taking up a clinical research career in this field.

Related Posts:

1) Clinical Research Organization

2) What is Clinical Research Organization and jobs in a CRO

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Clinical Research And Its Types

Clinical Research And Its Types Clinical Research is a booming industry of today’s time. Based on topics or area of interests, there are different types of clinical researches. Here we write about some different kinds of clinical research.

Clinical Trials
Generally involves psychotherapy, medication, new devices or new approaches to surgery or radiation therapy.

Prevention research
It investigates better ways to prevent disorders from developing or returning. Different types of prevention research might study vitamins, medicines,vaccines, minerals, or lifestyle changes.

Diagnostic
They looks after practicing better ways to identify a particular disorder or condition.

Screening
This aims to find the best ways to detect certain disorders or health conditions.

Genetic studies
This research aims to improve prediction of disorders by identifying and learning how genes and illnesses might be related. Research in this area might explore ways in which a person’s genes make him or her more or less susceptible. This could help in l development of tailor-made treatments based on a person’s genetic make-up.

Epidemiological studies
This helps to identify the causes, patterns and control of disorders in groups of people.

Note: Some clinical research is “outpatient,” which means participants does not need to stay overnight at the hospital. Some is “inpatient,” meaning that participants will required to stay for at least a night in the hospital or research center. You need to be clear about what the researchers and their study requires.

Clinical trials phases: when clinical research is used to evaluate medications and devices
Clinical trials are a kind of clinical research
programmed to assess and test new interventions such as psychotherapy or medications.

Clinical trials are done in four phases. Each phase has a different purpose and help scientists answer different questions.

Phase I trials
Researchers
experiment a novel drug or treatment process in a small group of people for the first time. The researchers try to find the treatment’s safety, determine a safe dosage range, and identify if any side effects.

Phase II trials
The experimental
medicine or treatment method is given to a bit larger group of people to see it‘s effect and hence further assess its safety.

Phase III trials
The experimental
novel drug or treatment method is given to large groups of people. Researchers confirm its effectiveness, supervise side effects, compares it to normally used treatments, and collect informations that will permit the experimental drug or treatment method to be used with safety.

Phase IV trials
Post-marketing studies are conducted after a treatment
gets approved for use by the FDA, provide additional information including the treatment or drug’s risks, benefits, and best use.

Examples of other kinds of clinical research
It’s a general belief that, all clinical research involves testing of new medications or devices. Well this is not the case always. Some studies does not involve testing medicines and a person’s regular medications might not need to be changed.

Healthy participants are also needed such that researchers can compare their results to results of people with the illness under study.

Some instances of other kinds of research include the following:

  • A long-term study which involves brain scans or psychological tests
  • A genetic study which involves blood tests but no changes in treatment methods
  • A study of pedigree that involves having words with family members to learn about people’s medical needs and history.

If you are looking for Clinical research course in Pune, then CRB Tech Solutions would provide with proper help and support. Its one of the best in offering training in Clinical Research.

Clinical research jobs are fast increasing and to meet the requirement of efficient professionals , you should consider improving yourself with our institute of clinical research.

Our Clinical Research review will help you in considering a clinical research career in this field.

Related Posts:

1) What Are The Types of Clinical Research?

2) Clinical Research Company

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Research Areas in the Clinical Psychology

Clinical psychology research is very significant to the nation’s health and well being as other clinical research. It works in the same way as the same way as clinical scientists try to understand the prevention and spread of different genetic and infectious diseases, scientists conduct rigorous psychological research studies to comprehend , prevent, and treat the human condition as it applies psychologically to individuals,families and diverse communities.

Factual results gathered from psychological research studies help practitioners in developing effective interventions and techniques that clinical physicians execute proven, reliable results that improve lives, help troubled relationships, help addicts, and help manage and treat a variety of other mental health issues.

In order to evaluate this body of research, clinical psychology students must undergo proper clinical research training to make significant professional contributions to the field , staying current and up-to-date with the research taking place at universities and research labs across the world. Doing research, investigating unique ways to understand the human mind, and finding solutions to enrich the lives of all others.

Most of these research studies basically fall within one of three main areas integral to clinical psychology:

Assessment

An important aspect of clinical psychology research, involves assessment – or producing significant and reliable tests. Assessments take the form of written tests e.g. intelligence tests, vocational tests and other tests created to measure aptitude for specific careers, interests, and personality types.

Clinical psychologists interview individuals, review their medical data, and conduct clinical trials as part of the assessment process. A comprehensive assessment approach confirms that psychologists apply the most effective and appropriate psychological treatments and interventions.

Roberts and Hardi stated that measurement of treatment procedures, treatment integrity, behavioral changes, functional performance, objective measurements, change of perceptions, and satisfaction from a variety of sources, follow-up assessment, etc., are needed to finalize the ‘scientific credentials’ of each therapeutic approach.

Diagnosis

After gathering sufficient data, they consult the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-R), which lists criteria and generalized definitions for mental illnesses and conditions. Categories of symptoms differentiate one mental illness from another, and the basic course of each illness.

Beyond the DSM-IV-R, however, research in the field of diagnosing mental health problems remains one of the most exciting research areas in the field today – thanks to rapid advances in technology. Numerous techniques of brain imaging that map brain structure and function now give researchers “images” of both normal and unusual brain functioning. Scientists are using CT, MRI and PET to come up with greater accuracy in diagnosing various mental illnesses.

Psychotherapies

A set of procedures or techniques that psychological problems, and come up with different ways of thinking, behaving, or feeling – has exploded in popularity since the middle of the last century. Most psychotherapies come within one of the four main psychotherapeutic frameworks:

Psychodynamic Therapy

Psychodynamic therapy discovers an individual’s unconscious, seeking reasons or explanations for the individual’s present behavior. This treatment, also called insight-oriented therapy, attempts to bring underlying factors grounded in beginning life to the individual’s attention, increasing self-awareness and self-understanding.

Psychodynamic therapy originates from Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis, making it the most old form of psychotherapy. As a result, a large body of research exists to either help or refute the effectiveness of this approach.

Because the results of psychoanalysis research are difficult to measure than behavioral-oriented therapies, research methodologies and outcomes of treatment have been questioned – especially those of the previous studies.

Psychodynamic therapy requires long-term treatment, sometimes a year or more, also complexing the research process. However, researchers today apply the most rigorous scientific processes, including statistics studies completed over a number of years, to study of efficacy of psychodynamic practice and techniques, and many studies report significant positive outcomes.

In the race of many institutes CRB Tech Solutions has created its own niche. Its very popular in offering the best training in Clinical Research. Our clinical research institute has created a niche for itself in this field.

Clinical research jobs are increasing gradually and to meet the emerging need of efficient professionals , you should consider upgrading yourself with clinical courses.

The Clinical Research review by CRB Tech Solutions will support and guide you in considering and taking up a clinical research career in this field.

Related Topics:

1) Pharmacovigilance: Common terms used in drug safety

2) Pharmacovigilance scope

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Hexoskin: Clothings That Records Medical Data

Clothings are sensors in the new age!

Can you imagine that there might be clothes that could record many of the things going on underneath the skin. Bygone are the days when bulky heart rate monitors provided inaccurate information. The newest thing to hit the active wear market is the Hexoskin Smart shirt. A smart shirt that is designed to give a causal person exercising to high performance athletes; lab quality results about their bio metric data.

It measures anything about an individual that includes VO2 max, heart rate, heart rate variability,breathing rate and volume as well as steps, cadence and calories. According to American Council of Exercise, knowing an individual’s target heart rate is significant to understand the intensity level of one is currently working out at.

There are possibilities that a person can easily injure themselves if they are exercising too intense or might wonder why not getting the results they want because the activity is not challenging enough. Hexoskin precisely measures a person’s heart rate, leaving no question or guesswork.

Working of Hexoskin Smart shirt

Sensing elements collect data in the shirt, which is then sent to a small device that is non-bulky and sits pretty well in the shirt’s side pocket. This small device collects all the data and is sent to Hexoskin’s secure storage servers irrespective of whether the user has a smart device nearby or not. Then, an individual can review the data at any convenient time . If there is a phone or tablet in range, the data gets streamed in real time to the device’s display.

Reports says that in the United States over 80% of adults do not meet the guidelines for both aerobic and muscle-strengthening activities. The Hexoskin Smart shirt is a kind of motivation helping adults exercise more, because seeing the results in a tangible way on a tablet or phone can be very helpful in tracking exercising habits. A person can understand where their strengths and weaknesses lie, and in turn, change their workout regime accordingly so they can make the most of their time and begin seeing real results with whatever their goal might be.

Knowing a professional athlete’s statistics has become very important. In words of Haydn Masters they thought the majority of injuries just happened. Now they knows they can prevent them and predict them. He added that with enough data, trainers can even predict what will happen to an athlete based on previous events, preventing possible injuries. This is a valuable device in the world of sports, but it can also help anyone who decides to wear Hexoskin Smart.

The information gathered from the Hexoskin Smart shirt proves to be beneficial when going to the doctor, as the results are so accurate that a medical professional could use those results to a person’s advantage when getting a check-up.

So could this “smart” shirt even help with sleeplessness? The National Sleep Foundation added that exercising regularly makes it easier to fall asleep and contributes to sounder sleep. Amazingly, the Hexoskin shirt and device can also be worn while sleeping, helping the user to better understand their sleeping habits and in turn do some correction if required.

The old fashioned belts and monitors as bio metric tracking systems are a thing of the bygone era. The smart shirt is a completely revolutionary way to track the bio metric data of the human body. Getting the information available in real-time, as well as recorded, makes it easy to understand both an individual’s waking and sleeping hours. The device is beneficial to both the wearer and their physicians and trainers.

In the race of many organizations CRB Tech Solutions has created a big name. Its very popular in offering the best Clinical Research training. This clinical research institute has created a niche for itself in this field.

Clinical research jobs are increasing rapidly in Pune and to meet the emerging need of efficient professionals , you should consider optimizing yourself with clinical courses.

The Clinical Research review by CRB Tech Solutions will help and guide you in obtaining your clinical research career.

Related Topics :

1) Top 10 Clinical Research Companies in Pune

2) CRB Tech in Clinical Research: Making a difference

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A Drought in Antibiotic Discovery

A Drought in Antibiotic Discovery

The year 1928 saw a major medical breakthrough owing to Flemming’s serendipitous discovery of penicillin, which was later claimed as the 20th century miracle drug. But the impact of this discovery was not well understood until the 1940s, when its application as a therapeutic agent was made possible by Florey and Chain.

Blamed for this late realization was the lack of biochemical and microbiological expertise at that time, as well as the lack of interest and support from the scientific community brought about by previous experience with the failure of pyocyanase and the toxicity of Salvarsan.

A-Drought-in-Antibiotic-Discovery

In 1935, a breakthrough that covered the era of antibacterials was made by the German biochemist Gerhard Domagk at the Bayer Laboratories of the I.G. Farben company in Germany. He discovered and developed the first sulfonamide, a synthetic red dye popularly known by its trade name of Prontosil, the first commercially available antibacterial.

The clinical successes resulted in a sharp decline in mortality due to killer diseases such as meningitis, child bed fever and pneumonia. Domagk’s discovery saved many lives, including prominent figures such as Winston Churchill and Franklin D. Roosevelt, Jr., son of then US President Roosevelt.

Inspired by the groundbreaking work of Domagk and Fleming, Florey and Chain, a number of subsequent antimicrobial discoveries quickly followed. Nowadays, newer antimicrobial compounds continue to be discovered and introduced, although the rate has slowed considerably.

According to an analysis done by a known magazine, large pharma companies spend approximately $5 billion to bring one new drug to market. About $350 million of the cost is to bring the drug to market, the rest is the money spent on drugs that fail safety or efficacy clinical trials, thus a pharma company must recoup the billions that they lose on failed drugs by the one drug that makes it to market.

A lot of money spent and pharmaceutical companies recoup more of their money on drugs like antidepressants and anti-inflammatories because they can be used regularly and not lose their effectiveness. That is not the case with antibiotics.

Antibiotics are very costly to develop and they can lose their power to fight infections with time. How? The bacterium that survived and is antibiotic-resistant is the one that begins reproducing in the body, thus the antibiotic originally used is no longer effective and a new antibiotic is needed to fight the mutated bacteria.

In the past five years the FDA has approved two systemic antibiotics. This is a drop of 88% since the mid-1980s.

While the benefits of the GAIN act are great, it seems that there is still a steady decline of new antibiotic development that has worried many institutions and organizations such as the World Health Organization (WHO) which stated that we’re in a competition against time to develop new antibacterials.

The small biotechnology companies are bringing new antibiotics to the market and it appears that the Center for Disease Control is pushing hospitals to enact antibiotic stewardship programs to make sure that such medicines are only used when they are really required. Dr. Tom Frieden of the CDC stated that antibiotic prescription can save patients’ from deadly infections and protect lifesaving remedies for tomorrow’s patients.”

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