Biotechnology is an interdisciplinary science offering great opportunities for those who want to do a job with a combination of life science and its application. The applications of Biotechnology are huge as it includes various industrial sectors like food, pharma, textile, agriculture, animal husbandry and more.
Biotechnology includes various subjects apart from life science making it interdisciplinary. Along with its technical part and engineering applications, biotechnology is giving rise to various new fields with several job opportunities.
What is Biotechnology?
This is a combination science of biology and technology. A technology which uses biological systems of yield a product for a specific use. Based on its applications, biotechnology includes fields like biochemistry and others. The advent of biotechnology diverts into various sciences like virology, immunology and other subjects like health, agriculture, cell biology, plant physiology, seed technology, etc.
Who are Biotechnologists?
Biotechnologists work in private and government organisations too, to manipulate living organisms to produce new things. Biotechnologists get employed across several industries like biochemists, biophysicists or medical scientists. As biotechnology usually means genetically modified materials, biotechnologists develop useful products from living systems. Biotechnologists work in several different industries including agriculture, food manufacturing, health-care, and pharma.
Career scope in biotechnology
Career scope is huge as we live in a time of fast discoveries, new applications, and innovative products on the market on a regular basis. A biotechnologist can work in various work environments like industrial sector, environmental sector, food industries, medical sector, health-care, and pharma. Professionals in this field can do specialization in one or more fields like genomics, proteomics, and bioinformatics.
Who can study Biotechnology?
Any student with a combination of biology, chemistry, physics, and mathematics in their class 12 can take up Biotechnology as their special subject in their UG course. This UG programme can be B.Sc, B.E or B.Tech. Students interested in higher studies can go for the master’s level in biotech after their UG. Again, masters in biotechnology can be in M.Sc, M.E or M.Tech. A graduate degree in any of any life science subject is acceptable for a PG programme in biotechnology. Students can also opt for pursuing their Ph.D. degrees in biotechnology and related fields.
Job roles are based on qualification for entry-level candidates and with a bachelor’s degree in biotechnology can work as research technicians. Graduates with masters can expect to work as a lead to research projects and team. Candidates with a doctorate degree and post-doctorate level can work as research scientists, a lab director or as a university lecturer.
Biotechnologists can get jobs in both private and government sector with specializations in different sub-disciplines.
Biotechnologists can work under as Medical scientists, Medical and Clinical Lab Technologists & Technicians Biochemists, Biological technicians and Biophysicists, Biomedical Engineers, Microbiologists Epidemiologists, R&D, and Process Development Scientists Biomanufacturing Specialists, Bioproduction Operators.
Institutes actively do research in biotechnology in India
1. The Government of India National Biotechnology Board (NBTB)
2. The Department of Science and Technology (DST)
3. Council for Scientific and Industrial Research (CSIR)
4. Indian Council for Medical Research (ICMR)
5. Department of Atomic Energy (DAE)
6. Indian Council for Agricultural Research (ICAR)
7. Defence Research Development Organization (DRDO)
8. Indian Institute of Science (IISC) 9. Biotechnology Consortium of India Ltd (BCIL)
The remuneration is based on academic qualification and skills. Fresh graduates can expect a salary within the range of Rs.8, 000 to Rs.20, 000. With more experience, there is enough scope for getting a better salary.
Top colleges in India which offer Biotechnology: All the IITs, Delhi Technological University, Anna University, NIT, Warangal, Netaji Subhas Institute of Technology, VIT, Tamil Nadu, Birla Institute of Technology, Mesra National Institute of Technology, Thapar University
Top Universities offering biotechnology course, abroad:
Columbia University, USA University of Pennsylvania, , USA North-western University, USA Johns Hopkins University, USA University of Michigan-Ann Arbor, USA Aston University, UK University of Bristol, UK University of East London, UK University of Glasgow, UK Queens Mary, University of London, UK University of Nottingham, UK University of Warwick, UK University of Leeds, UK Imperial College London, UK
With this, we conclude. Hope you liked the above-mentioned information and this piece is of help for you. With the rise of a clinical research career, there is also much rise in the clinical research jobs in Pune.
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