Clinical psychology research is very significant to the nation’s health and well being as other clinical research. It works in the same way as the same way as clinical scientists try to understand the prevention and spread of different genetic and infectious diseases, scientists conduct rigorous psychological research studies to comprehend , prevent, and treat the human condition as it applies psychologically to individuals,families and diverse communities.
Factual results gathered from psychological research studies help practitioners in developing effective interventions and techniques that clinical physicians execute proven, reliable results that improve lives, help troubled relationships, help addicts, and help manage and treat a variety of other mental health issues.
In order to evaluate this body of research, clinical psychology students must undergo proper clinical research training to make significant professional contributions to the field , staying current and up-to-date with the research taking place at universities and research labs across the world. Doing research, investigating unique ways to understand the human mind, and finding solutions to enrich the lives of all others.
Most of these research studies basically fall within one of three main areas integral to clinical psychology:
An important aspect of clinical psychology research, involves assessment – or producing significant and reliable tests. Assessments take the form of written tests e.g. intelligence tests, vocational tests and other tests created to measure aptitude for specific careers, interests, and personality types.
Clinical psychologists interview individuals, review their medical data, and conduct clinical trials as part of the assessment process. A comprehensive assessment approach confirms that psychologists apply the most effective and appropriate psychological treatments and interventions.
Roberts and Hardi stated that measurement of treatment procedures, treatment integrity, behavioral changes, functional performance, objective measurements, change of perceptions, and satisfaction from a variety of sources, follow-up assessment, etc., are needed to finalize the ‘scientific credentials’ of each therapeutic approach.
After gathering sufficient data, they consult the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-R), which lists criteria and generalized definitions for mental illnesses and conditions. Categories of symptoms differentiate one mental illness from another, and the basic course of each illness.
Beyond the DSM-IV-R, however, research in the field of diagnosing mental health problems remains one of the most exciting research areas in the field today – thanks to rapid advances in technology. Numerous techniques of brain imaging that map brain structure and function now give researchers “images” of both normal and unusual brain functioning. Scientists are using CT, MRI and PET to come up with greater accuracy in diagnosing various mental illnesses.
A set of procedures or techniques that psychological problems, and come up with different ways of thinking, behaving, or feeling – has exploded in popularity since the middle of the last century. Most psychotherapies come within one of the four main psychotherapeutic frameworks:
Psychodynamic therapy discovers an individual’s unconscious, seeking reasons or explanations for the individual’s present behavior. This treatment, also called insight-oriented therapy, attempts to bring underlying factors grounded in beginning life to the individual’s attention, increasing self-awareness and self-understanding.
Psychodynamic therapy originates from Sigmund Freud’s psychoanalysis, making it the most old form of psychotherapy. As a result, a large body of research exists to either help or refute the effectiveness of this approach.
Because the results of psychoanalysis research are difficult to measure than behavioral-oriented therapies, research methodologies and outcomes of treatment have been questioned – especially those of the previous studies.
Psychodynamic therapy requires long-term treatment, sometimes a year or more, also complexing the research process. However, researchers today apply the most rigorous scientific processes, including statistics studies completed over a number of years, to study of efficacy of psychodynamic practice and techniques, and many studies report significant positive outcomes.
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